Introduction: A high proportion of children presenting to pediatric urgent cares are exposed to tobacco smoke. An electronic health record-based clinical decision support system for nurses to facilitate guideline-based tobacco smoke exposure screening and counseling for caregivers who smoke was designed and evaluated. Design: A mixed-methods, 3-month, prospective study that began in November 2015, data were analyzed in June 2016. Setting/participants: Five urgent cares that were part of a large children's hospital in Cincinnati, OH. Participants were urgent care nurses. Intervention: The clinical decision support system prompted nurses to Ask, Advise, Assess, and Assist caregivers to quit smoking. Monthly feedback reports were also provided. Main outcome measure: Clinical decision support system use rates, nurses' attitudes towards tobacco smoke exposure intervention, and percentage of children screened and caregivers counseled. Results: All nurses used the clinical decision support system. Compared with Month 1, nurses were twice as likely to advise and assess during Months 2 and 3. There was significant improvement in nurses feeling prepared to assist caregivers in quitting. Nurses reported that feedback reports motivated them to use the clinical decision support system, and that it was easy to use. Almost 65% of children were screened for tobacco smoke exposure; 19.5% screened positive. Of caregivers identified as smokers, 26% were advised to quit and 29% were assessed for readiness to quit. Of those assessed, 67% were interested in quitting, and of those, 100% were assisted. Conclusions: A clinical decision support system increased rates of tobacco smoke exposure screening and intervention in pediatric urgent cares. Rates might further improve by incorporating all components of the clinical decision support system into the electronic health record. Trial Registration: This study is registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov NCT02489708.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health