An emergency department intervention to increase parent-child tobacco communication

A pilot study

E. Melinda Mahabee-Gittens, Bin Huang, Gail B. Slap, Judith S Gordon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We conducted a randomized trial of parents and their 9- to 16-year-old children to pilot test an emergency department (ED)-based intervention designed to increase parent-child tobacco communication. Intervention group (IG) parents received verbal/written instructions on how to relay anti-tobacco messages to their children; control group (CG) parents received no specific instructions. Of the 540 subjects, 268 (49.6%) were randomized to the IG; both groups were similar at baseline. At one-month follow-up, IG children were more likely to report that they would definitely not smoke in the next 6 months (96.3% and 88.4%, p = 0.01), that there were an increased number of: child-initiated tobacco conversations (F(1,386) = 5.7, p = 0.02), times parents talked to them about: refusing cigarettes (F(1,380) = 7.6, p = 0.006), and reasons not to smoke (F(1,377) = 6.0, p = 0.015). Our pilot study has shown increases in parent-child tobacco communication after an ED-based intervention, suggesting that the ED may be an appropriate setting to encourage parent-child tobacco communication.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)71-83
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 6 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

tobacco
nicotine
Tobacco
Hospital Emergency Service
parents
Communication
communication
Parents
Group
Smoke
smoke
instruction
number of children
Tobacco Products
conversation
Control Groups

Keywords

  • Adolescent smoking
  • Anti-smoking socialization
  • Emergency department
  • Parenting
  • Tobacco

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Development
  • Social Psychology
  • Psychology(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

An emergency department intervention to increase parent-child tobacco communication : A pilot study. / Mahabee-Gittens, E. Melinda; Huang, Bin; Slap, Gail B.; Gordon, Judith S.

In: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse, Vol. 17, No. 2, 06.02.2008, p. 71-83.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{abc5a754e788443686094bc6c6cde641,
title = "An emergency department intervention to increase parent-child tobacco communication: A pilot study",
abstract = "We conducted a randomized trial of parents and their 9- to 16-year-old children to pilot test an emergency department (ED)-based intervention designed to increase parent-child tobacco communication. Intervention group (IG) parents received verbal/written instructions on how to relay anti-tobacco messages to their children; control group (CG) parents received no specific instructions. Of the 540 subjects, 268 (49.6{\%}) were randomized to the IG; both groups were similar at baseline. At one-month follow-up, IG children were more likely to report that they would definitely not smoke in the next 6 months (96.3{\%} and 88.4{\%}, p = 0.01), that there were an increased number of: child-initiated tobacco conversations (F(1,386) = 5.7, p = 0.02), times parents talked to them about: refusing cigarettes (F(1,380) = 7.6, p = 0.006), and reasons not to smoke (F(1,377) = 6.0, p = 0.015). Our pilot study has shown increases in parent-child tobacco communication after an ED-based intervention, suggesting that the ED may be an appropriate setting to encourage parent-child tobacco communication.",
keywords = "Adolescent smoking, Anti-smoking socialization, Emergency department, Parenting, Tobacco",
author = "Mahabee-Gittens, {E. Melinda} and Bin Huang and Slap, {Gail B.} and Gordon, {Judith S}",
year = "2008",
month = "2",
day = "6",
doi = "10.1300/J029v17n02_05",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "17",
pages = "71--83",
journal = "Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse",
issn = "1067-828X",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - An emergency department intervention to increase parent-child tobacco communication

T2 - A pilot study

AU - Mahabee-Gittens, E. Melinda

AU - Huang, Bin

AU - Slap, Gail B.

AU - Gordon, Judith S

PY - 2008/2/6

Y1 - 2008/2/6

N2 - We conducted a randomized trial of parents and their 9- to 16-year-old children to pilot test an emergency department (ED)-based intervention designed to increase parent-child tobacco communication. Intervention group (IG) parents received verbal/written instructions on how to relay anti-tobacco messages to their children; control group (CG) parents received no specific instructions. Of the 540 subjects, 268 (49.6%) were randomized to the IG; both groups were similar at baseline. At one-month follow-up, IG children were more likely to report that they would definitely not smoke in the next 6 months (96.3% and 88.4%, p = 0.01), that there were an increased number of: child-initiated tobacco conversations (F(1,386) = 5.7, p = 0.02), times parents talked to them about: refusing cigarettes (F(1,380) = 7.6, p = 0.006), and reasons not to smoke (F(1,377) = 6.0, p = 0.015). Our pilot study has shown increases in parent-child tobacco communication after an ED-based intervention, suggesting that the ED may be an appropriate setting to encourage parent-child tobacco communication.

AB - We conducted a randomized trial of parents and their 9- to 16-year-old children to pilot test an emergency department (ED)-based intervention designed to increase parent-child tobacco communication. Intervention group (IG) parents received verbal/written instructions on how to relay anti-tobacco messages to their children; control group (CG) parents received no specific instructions. Of the 540 subjects, 268 (49.6%) were randomized to the IG; both groups were similar at baseline. At one-month follow-up, IG children were more likely to report that they would definitely not smoke in the next 6 months (96.3% and 88.4%, p = 0.01), that there were an increased number of: child-initiated tobacco conversations (F(1,386) = 5.7, p = 0.02), times parents talked to them about: refusing cigarettes (F(1,380) = 7.6, p = 0.006), and reasons not to smoke (F(1,377) = 6.0, p = 0.015). Our pilot study has shown increases in parent-child tobacco communication after an ED-based intervention, suggesting that the ED may be an appropriate setting to encourage parent-child tobacco communication.

KW - Adolescent smoking

KW - Anti-smoking socialization

KW - Emergency department

KW - Parenting

KW - Tobacco

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=39749124881&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=39749124881&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1300/J029v17n02_05

DO - 10.1300/J029v17n02_05

M3 - Article

VL - 17

SP - 71

EP - 83

JO - Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse

JF - Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse

SN - 1067-828X

IS - 2

ER -