An empirical calibration of the completeness of the SDSS quasar survey

Daniel E Vanden Berk, Donald P. Schneider, Gordon T. Richards, Patrick B. Hall, Michael A. Strauss, Robert Brunner, Xiaohui Fan, Ivan K. Baldry, Donald G. York, James E. Gunn, Robert C. Nichol, Avery Meiksin, Jon Brinkmann

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Abstract

Spectra of nearly 20,000 pointlike objects to a Galactic reddening-corrected magnitude of i = 19.1 have been obtained to test the completeness of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) quasar survey. We focus on spatially unresolved quasars, which comprise 94% of all SDSS quasars to the main survey magnitude limit. The objects were selected from all regions of color space, sparsely sampled from within a 278 deg 2 area (effective area 233 deg 2) of sky covered by this study. Only 10 quasars were identified that were not targeted as candidates by the SDSS quasar survey (including both color and radio source selection). The inferred density of unresolved quasars on the sky that are missed by the SDSS algorithm is 0.44 deg -2, compared with 8.28 deg -2 for the selected quasar density, giving a completeness of 94.9 -3.8 +2.6% to the limiting magnitude. Omitting radio selection reduces the color-only selection completeness by about 1%. Of the 10 newly identified quasars, three have detected broad absorption line systems, six are significantly redder than other quasars at the same redshift, and four have redshifts between 2.7 and 3.0 (the redshift range where the SDSS colors of quasars intersect the stellar locus). The fraction of quasars (and other unresolved sources) missed because of image defects and blends, independent of the selection algorithm, is ≈4%, but this number varies by a few percent with magnitude. Quasars with extended images comprise about 6% of the SDSS sample, and the completeness of the selection algorithm for extended quasars is approximately 81%, based on the SDSS galaxy survey. The combined end-to-end completeness for the SDSS quasar survey is ≈89%. The total corrected density of quasars on the sky to i = 19.1 is estimated to be 10.2 deg -2. The SDSS completeness restricted to z ≳ 3 quasars is expected to be considerably lower and is a strong function of redshift. The determination of the global completeness is required for the statistical properties of quasars to i = 19.1 derived from the SDSS data set, such as the luminosity function and correlation function, to be accurately determined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2047-2061
Number of pages15
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume129
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2005

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completeness
quasars
calibration
color
sky
radio
loci
defect

Keywords

  • Quasars: General
  • Surveys

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Berk, D. E. V., Schneider, D. P., Richards, G. T., Hall, P. B., Strauss, M. A., Brunner, R., ... Brinkmann, J. (2005). An empirical calibration of the completeness of the SDSS quasar survey. Astronomical Journal, 129(5), 2047-2061. https://doi.org/10.1086/427856

An empirical calibration of the completeness of the SDSS quasar survey. / Berk, Daniel E Vanden; Schneider, Donald P.; Richards, Gordon T.; Hall, Patrick B.; Strauss, Michael A.; Brunner, Robert; Fan, Xiaohui; Baldry, Ivan K.; York, Donald G.; Gunn, James E.; Nichol, Robert C.; Meiksin, Avery; Brinkmann, Jon.

In: Astronomical Journal, Vol. 129, No. 5, 05.2005, p. 2047-2061.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Berk, DEV, Schneider, DP, Richards, GT, Hall, PB, Strauss, MA, Brunner, R, Fan, X, Baldry, IK, York, DG, Gunn, JE, Nichol, RC, Meiksin, A & Brinkmann, J 2005, 'An empirical calibration of the completeness of the SDSS quasar survey', Astronomical Journal, vol. 129, no. 5, pp. 2047-2061. https://doi.org/10.1086/427856
Berk DEV, Schneider DP, Richards GT, Hall PB, Strauss MA, Brunner R et al. An empirical calibration of the completeness of the SDSS quasar survey. Astronomical Journal. 2005 May;129(5):2047-2061. https://doi.org/10.1086/427856
Berk, Daniel E Vanden ; Schneider, Donald P. ; Richards, Gordon T. ; Hall, Patrick B. ; Strauss, Michael A. ; Brunner, Robert ; Fan, Xiaohui ; Baldry, Ivan K. ; York, Donald G. ; Gunn, James E. ; Nichol, Robert C. ; Meiksin, Avery ; Brinkmann, Jon. / An empirical calibration of the completeness of the SDSS quasar survey. In: Astronomical Journal. 2005 ; Vol. 129, No. 5. pp. 2047-2061.
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abstract = "Spectra of nearly 20,000 pointlike objects to a Galactic reddening-corrected magnitude of i = 19.1 have been obtained to test the completeness of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) quasar survey. We focus on spatially unresolved quasars, which comprise 94{\%} of all SDSS quasars to the main survey magnitude limit. The objects were selected from all regions of color space, sparsely sampled from within a 278 deg 2 area (effective area 233 deg 2) of sky covered by this study. Only 10 quasars were identified that were not targeted as candidates by the SDSS quasar survey (including both color and radio source selection). The inferred density of unresolved quasars on the sky that are missed by the SDSS algorithm is 0.44 deg -2, compared with 8.28 deg -2 for the selected quasar density, giving a completeness of 94.9 -3.8 +2.6{\%} to the limiting magnitude. Omitting radio selection reduces the color-only selection completeness by about 1{\%}. Of the 10 newly identified quasars, three have detected broad absorption line systems, six are significantly redder than other quasars at the same redshift, and four have redshifts between 2.7 and 3.0 (the redshift range where the SDSS colors of quasars intersect the stellar locus). The fraction of quasars (and other unresolved sources) missed because of image defects and blends, independent of the selection algorithm, is ≈4{\%}, but this number varies by a few percent with magnitude. Quasars with extended images comprise about 6{\%} of the SDSS sample, and the completeness of the selection algorithm for extended quasars is approximately 81{\%}, based on the SDSS galaxy survey. The combined end-to-end completeness for the SDSS quasar survey is ≈89{\%}. The total corrected density of quasars on the sky to i = 19.1 is estimated to be 10.2 deg -2. The SDSS completeness restricted to z ≳ 3 quasars is expected to be considerably lower and is a strong function of redshift. The determination of the global completeness is required for the statistical properties of quasars to i = 19.1 derived from the SDSS data set, such as the luminosity function and correlation function, to be accurately determined.",
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