An Ethnoarchaeological Study of Chemical Residues in the Floors and Soils of Q'eqchi' Maya Houses at Las Pozas, Guatemala

Fabián G. Fernández, Richard E. Terry, Takeshi Inomata, Markus Eberl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

81 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This ethnoarchaeological study at the Q'eqchi' Maya village of Las Pozas, Guatemala, aimed to refine the understanding of the relationship between soil chemical signatures and human activities for archaeological applications. The research involved phosphorus, exchangeable ion (calcium, potassium, magnesium, sodium), and trace element analysis of soils and earth floors extracted by Mehlich II, ammonium acetate, and DTPA chelate solutions, respectively. The results showed high levels of phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, and pH in food preparation areas, as well as high phosphorus concentrations and low pH in food consumption areas. The traffic areas exhibited low phosphorus and trace element contents, whereas refuse disposal areas were enriched. These results provide important information for the understanding of space use in ancient settlements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)487-519
Number of pages33
JournalGeoarchaeology - An International Journal
Volume17
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2002

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Guatemala
phosphorus
magnesium
potassium
soil
trace element
space use
food consumption
DTPA
chelate
refuse
acetate
human activity
village
ammonium
calcium
sodium
traffic
food
chemical

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Archaeology

Cite this

An Ethnoarchaeological Study of Chemical Residues in the Floors and Soils of Q'eqchi' Maya Houses at Las Pozas, Guatemala. / Fernández, Fabián G.; Terry, Richard E.; Inomata, Takeshi; Eberl, Markus.

In: Geoarchaeology - An International Journal, Vol. 17, No. 6, 08.2002, p. 487-519.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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