An Examination of the Relationships Among Uncertainty, Appraisal, and Information-Seeking Behavior Proposed in Uncertainty Management Theory

Stephen A Rains, Riva Tukachinsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Uncertainty management theory (UMT; Brashers, 2001, 2007) is rooted in the assumption that, as opposed to being inherently negative, health-related uncertainty is appraised for its meaning. Appraisals influence subsequent behaviors intended to manage uncertainty, such as information seeking. This study explores the connections among uncertainty, appraisal, and information-seeking behavior proposed in UMT. A laboratory study was conducted in which participants (N = 157) were primed to feel and desire more or less uncertainty about skin cancer and were given the opportunity to search for skin cancer information using the World Wide Web. The results show that desired uncertainty level predicted appraisal intensity, and appraisal intensity predicted information-seeking depth—although the latter relationship was in the opposite direction of what was expected.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)339-349
Number of pages11
JournalHealth Communication
Volume30
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 3 2015

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Information Seeking Behavior
information-seeking behavior
Uncertainty
uncertainty
examination
management
Skin Neoplasms
Skin
cancer
Health
health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Communication

Cite this

An Examination of the Relationships Among Uncertainty, Appraisal, and Information-Seeking Behavior Proposed in Uncertainty Management Theory. / Rains, Stephen A; Tukachinsky, Riva.

In: Health Communication, Vol. 30, No. 4, 03.04.2015, p. 339-349.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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