An fMRI study of implicit language learning in developmental language impairment

Elena Plante, Dianne Patterson, Michelle Sandoval, Christopher J. Vance, Arve E. Asbjørnsen

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

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Abstract

Individuals with developmental language impairment can show deficits into adulthood. This suggests that neural networks related to their language do not normalize with time. We examined the ability of 16 adults with and without impaired language to learn individual words in an unfamiliar language. Adults with impaired language were able to segment individual words from running speech, but needed more time to do so than their normal-language peers. ICA analysis of fMRI data indicated that adults with language impairment activate a neural network that is comparable to that of adults with normal language. However, a regional analysis indicated relative hyperactivation of a collection of regions associated with language processing. These results are discussed with reference to the Statistical Learning Framework and the sub-skills thought to relate to word segmentation.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages277-285
Number of pages9
JournalNeuroImage: Clinical
Volume14
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

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Language
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Learning
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Keywords

  • Brain
  • fMRI
  • Language
  • Learning
  • Specific language impairment
  • Statistical learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience

Cite this

Plante, E., Patterson, D., Sandoval, M., Vance, C. J., & Asbjørnsen, A. E. (2017). An fMRI study of implicit language learning in developmental language impairment. NeuroImage: Clinical, 14, 277-285. DOI: 10.1016/j.nicl.2017.01.027

An fMRI study of implicit language learning in developmental language impairment. / Plante, Elena; Patterson, Dianne; Sandoval, Michelle; Vance, Christopher J.; Asbjørnsen, Arve E.

In: NeuroImage: Clinical, Vol. 14, 2017, p. 277-285.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Plante, E, Patterson, D, Sandoval, M, Vance, CJ & Asbjørnsen, AE 2017, 'An fMRI study of implicit language learning in developmental language impairment' NeuroImage: Clinical, vol 14, pp. 277-285. DOI: 10.1016/j.nicl.2017.01.027
Plante E, Patterson D, Sandoval M, Vance CJ, Asbjørnsen AE. An fMRI study of implicit language learning in developmental language impairment. NeuroImage: Clinical. 2017;14:277-285. Available from, DOI: 10.1016/j.nicl.2017.01.027
Plante, Elena ; Patterson, Dianne ; Sandoval, Michelle ; Vance, Christopher J. ; Asbjørnsen, Arve E./ An fMRI study of implicit language learning in developmental language impairment. In: NeuroImage: Clinical. 2017 ; Vol. 14. pp. 277-285
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