Purpose: To investigate immune tolerance induction with transient low-dose methotrexate (TLD-MTX) initiated with recombinant human acid α-glucosidase (rhGAA), in treatment-naïve cross-reactive immunologic material (CRIM)-positive infantile-onset Pompe disease (IOPD) patients. Methods: Newly diagnosed IOPD patients received subcutaneous or oral 0.4 mg/kg TLD-MTX for 3 cycles (3 doses/cycle) with the first 3 rhGAA infusions. Anti-rhGAA IgG titers, classified as high-sustained (HSAT; ≥51,200, ≥2 times after 6 months), sustained intermediate (SIT; ≥12,800 and <51,200 within 12 months), or low (LT; ≤6400 within 12 months), were compared with those of 37 CRIM-positive IOPD historic comparators receiving rhGAA alone. Results: Fourteen IOPD TLD-MTX recipients at the median age of 3.8 months (range, 0.7–13.5 months) had a median last titer of 150 (range, 0–51,200) at median rhGAA duration ~83 weeks (range, 36–122 weeks). One IOPD patient (7.1%) developed titers in the SIT range and one patient (7.1%) developed titers in the HSAT range. Twelve of the 14 patients (85.7%) that received TLD-MTX remained LT, versus 5/37 HSAT (peak 51,200–409,600), 7/37 SIT (12,800–51,000), and 23/37 LT (200–12,800) among comparators. Conclusion: Results of TLD-MTX coinitiated with rhGAA are encouraging and merit a larger longitudinal study.
- Pompe disease
- alglucosidase alfa
- antidrug antibodies
- prophylactic immune tolerance induction
ASJC Scopus subject areas