An indisputable role of NHE8 in mucosal protection

Claudio Bernardazzi, Hua Xu, Huan Tong, Daniel Laubitz, Vanessa Figliuolo da Paz, Leslie Curiel, Fayez K. Ghishan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The loss of the intestinal Na+/H+ exchanger isoform 8 (NHE8) results in an ulcerative colitis-like condition with reduction of mucin production and dysbiosis, indicating that NHE8 plays an important role in intestinal mucosal protection. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential rebalance of the altered microbiota community of NHE8-deficient mice via fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) and feeding probiotic VSL#3. We also aimed to stimulate mucin production by sodium butyrate administration via enema. Data from 16S rRNA sequencing showed that loss of NHE8 contributes to colonic microbial dysbiosis with reduction of butyrate-producing bacteria. FMT increased bacterial adhesion in the colon in NHE8 knockout (NHE8KO) mice. Periodic-acid Schiff reagent (PAS) stain and quantitative PCR showed no changes in mucin production during FMT. In mice treated with the probiotic VSL#3, a reduction of Lactobacillus and segmented filamentous bacteria (SFB) in NHE8KO mouse colon was detected and an increase in goblet cell theca was observed. In NHE8KO mice receiving sodium butyrate (NaB), 1 mM NaB stimulated Muc2 expression without changing goblet cell theca, but 10 mM NaB induced a significant reduction of goblet cell theca without altering Muc2 expression. Furthermore, 5 mM and 10 mM NaB-treated HT29-MTX cells displayed increased apoptosis, while 0.5 mM NaB stimulated Muc2 gene expression. These data showed that loss of NHE8 leads to dysbiosis with reduction of butyrate-producing bacteria and FMT and VSL#3 failed to rebalance the microbiota in NHE8KO mice. Therefore, FMT, VSL#3, and NaB are not able to restore mucin production in the absence of NHE8 in the intestine. NEW & NOTEWORTHY Loss of Na+/H+ exchanger isoform 8 (NHE8), a Slc9 family of exchanger that contributes to sodium uptake, cell volume regulation, and intracellular pH homeostasis, resulted in dysbiosis with reduction of butyrate-producing bacteria and decrease of Muc2 production in the intestine in mice. Introducing fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) and VSL#3 in NHE8 knockout (NHE8KO) mice failed to rebalance the microbiota in these mice. Furthermore, administration of FMT, VSL#3, and sodium butyrate was unable to restore mucin production in the absence of NHE8 in the intestine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)G421-G431
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Volume319
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Dysbiosis
  • Goblet
  • NHE8

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology
  • Physiology (medical)

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