An intra-individual approach for detecting evaluation with event-related potentials

David R. Herring, John JB Allen, Yvette M. Güereca, Stephen L. Crites

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The P3-based concealed information test (CIT)is an accurate indirect measure of non-evaluative memories (e.g., knowledge of an incriminating item). Less clear and established, however, is the accuracy of indirect measures that rely on the P3-like late positive potentials (LPPs)in discriminating evaluative (e.g., pleasant or unpleasant)memories. Using an LPP-based evaluative oddball paradigm in which participants were truthful on half of the trials about their evaluation toward pictures and concealed their evaluation on the other half of trials toward pictures, we applied an intra-individual Bayesian scheme to classify whether participants' evaluations were congruent or incongruent with a preceding context. LPPs were predictably larger to evaluatively incongruent than congruent pictures, and this LPP effect was reduced during misreporting presumably because of enhanced cognitive load. Notably, across two experiments the sensitivity (80%)was respectable during truth telling, but poor during concealment (sensitivity = 35%). Taken together, these data suggest that indirect measures such as the LPP-based evaluative oddball may be useful for detecting individual evaluation, but more work is warranted that explores conditions under which concealment of evaluation may be more accurately assessed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)65-75
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Psychophysiology
Volume141
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2019

Fingerprint

Evoked Potentials

Keywords

  • Deception
  • ERPs
  • Evaluation
  • LPP
  • Oddball

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

An intra-individual approach for detecting evaluation with event-related potentials. / Herring, David R.; Allen, John JB; Güereca, Yvette M.; Crites, Stephen L.

In: International Journal of Psychophysiology, Vol. 141, 01.07.2019, p. 65-75.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Herring, David R. ; Allen, John JB ; Güereca, Yvette M. ; Crites, Stephen L. / An intra-individual approach for detecting evaluation with event-related potentials. In: International Journal of Psychophysiology. 2019 ; Vol. 141. pp. 65-75.
@article{f2c4d9b9ecb94b6fa6571c88ccda94f1,
title = "An intra-individual approach for detecting evaluation with event-related potentials",
abstract = "The P3-based concealed information test (CIT)is an accurate indirect measure of non-evaluative memories (e.g., knowledge of an incriminating item). Less clear and established, however, is the accuracy of indirect measures that rely on the P3-like late positive potentials (LPPs)in discriminating evaluative (e.g., pleasant or unpleasant)memories. Using an LPP-based evaluative oddball paradigm in which participants were truthful on half of the trials about their evaluation toward pictures and concealed their evaluation on the other half of trials toward pictures, we applied an intra-individual Bayesian scheme to classify whether participants' evaluations were congruent or incongruent with a preceding context. LPPs were predictably larger to evaluatively incongruent than congruent pictures, and this LPP effect was reduced during misreporting presumably because of enhanced cognitive load. Notably, across two experiments the sensitivity (80{\%})was respectable during truth telling, but poor during concealment (sensitivity = 35{\%}). Taken together, these data suggest that indirect measures such as the LPP-based evaluative oddball may be useful for detecting individual evaluation, but more work is warranted that explores conditions under which concealment of evaluation may be more accurately assessed.",
keywords = "Deception, ERPs, Evaluation, LPP, Oddball",
author = "Herring, {David R.} and Allen, {John JB} and G{\"u}ereca, {Yvette M.} and Crites, {Stephen L.}",
year = "2019",
month = "7",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2019.05.004",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "141",
pages = "65--75",
journal = "International Journal of Psychophysiology",
issn = "0167-8760",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - An intra-individual approach for detecting evaluation with event-related potentials

AU - Herring, David R.

AU - Allen, John JB

AU - Güereca, Yvette M.

AU - Crites, Stephen L.

PY - 2019/7/1

Y1 - 2019/7/1

N2 - The P3-based concealed information test (CIT)is an accurate indirect measure of non-evaluative memories (e.g., knowledge of an incriminating item). Less clear and established, however, is the accuracy of indirect measures that rely on the P3-like late positive potentials (LPPs)in discriminating evaluative (e.g., pleasant or unpleasant)memories. Using an LPP-based evaluative oddball paradigm in which participants were truthful on half of the trials about their evaluation toward pictures and concealed their evaluation on the other half of trials toward pictures, we applied an intra-individual Bayesian scheme to classify whether participants' evaluations were congruent or incongruent with a preceding context. LPPs were predictably larger to evaluatively incongruent than congruent pictures, and this LPP effect was reduced during misreporting presumably because of enhanced cognitive load. Notably, across two experiments the sensitivity (80%)was respectable during truth telling, but poor during concealment (sensitivity = 35%). Taken together, these data suggest that indirect measures such as the LPP-based evaluative oddball may be useful for detecting individual evaluation, but more work is warranted that explores conditions under which concealment of evaluation may be more accurately assessed.

AB - The P3-based concealed information test (CIT)is an accurate indirect measure of non-evaluative memories (e.g., knowledge of an incriminating item). Less clear and established, however, is the accuracy of indirect measures that rely on the P3-like late positive potentials (LPPs)in discriminating evaluative (e.g., pleasant or unpleasant)memories. Using an LPP-based evaluative oddball paradigm in which participants were truthful on half of the trials about their evaluation toward pictures and concealed their evaluation on the other half of trials toward pictures, we applied an intra-individual Bayesian scheme to classify whether participants' evaluations were congruent or incongruent with a preceding context. LPPs were predictably larger to evaluatively incongruent than congruent pictures, and this LPP effect was reduced during misreporting presumably because of enhanced cognitive load. Notably, across two experiments the sensitivity (80%)was respectable during truth telling, but poor during concealment (sensitivity = 35%). Taken together, these data suggest that indirect measures such as the LPP-based evaluative oddball may be useful for detecting individual evaluation, but more work is warranted that explores conditions under which concealment of evaluation may be more accurately assessed.

KW - Deception

KW - ERPs

KW - Evaluation

KW - LPP

KW - Oddball

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85066110375&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85066110375&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2019.05.004

DO - 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2019.05.004

M3 - Article

C2 - 31078642

AN - SCOPUS:85066110375

VL - 141

SP - 65

EP - 75

JO - International Journal of Psychophysiology

JF - International Journal of Psychophysiology

SN - 0167-8760

ER -