An Overview of Atmospheric Features Over the Western North Atlantic Ocean and North American East Coast – Part 1: Analysis of Aerosols, Gases, and Wet Deposition Chemistry

Andrea F. Corral, Rachel A. Braun, Brian Cairns, Vesta Afzali Gorooh, Hongyu Liu, Lin Ma, Ali Hossein Mardi, David Painemal, Snorre Stamnes, Bastiaan van Diedenhoven, Hailong Wang, Yang Yang, Bo Zhang, Armin Sorooshian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Western North Atlantic Ocean (WNAO) and adjoining East Coast of North America are of great importance for atmospheric research and have been extensively studied for several decades. This broad region exhibits complex meteorological features and a wide range of conditions associated with gas and particulate species from many sources regionally and other continents. As Part 1 of a 2-part paper series, this work characterizes quantities associated with atmospheric chemistry, including gases, aerosols, and wet deposition, by analyzing available satellite observations, ground-based data, model simulations, and reanalysis products. Part 2 provides insight into the atmospheric circulation, boundary layer variability, three-dimensional cloud structure, properties, and precipitation over the WNAO domain. Key results include spatial and seasonal differences in composition along the North American East Coast and over the WNAO associated with varying sources of smoke and dust and meteorological drivers such as temperature, moisture, and precipitation. Spatial and seasonal variations of tropospheric carbon monoxide and ozone highlight different pathways toward the accumulation of these species in the troposphere. Spatial distributions of speciated aerosol optical depth and vertical profiles of aerosol mass mixing ratios show a clear seasonal cycle highlighting the influence of different sources in addition to the impact of intercontinental transport. Analysis of long-term climate model simulations of aerosol species and satellite observations of carbon monoxide confirm that there has been a significant decline in recent decades among anthropogenic constituents owing to regulatory activities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere2020JD032592
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres
Volume126
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 27 2021

Keywords

  • ACTIVATE
  • aerosol optical depth
  • aerosols
  • Atlantic Ocean
  • EVS-3
  • wet deposition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science
  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science

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