Several techniques are commonly used for genetic analysis of interphase nuclei. Flow cytometry assays the distribution of DNA content in populations of nuclei stained with a DNA-specific fluorochrome. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) quantifies the number of copies of a specific DNA sequence in single nuclei. Comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) assess as the relative copy number of DNA sequences throughout a test genome by comparing the signal intensities of test and reference DNA samples hybridized to a template of normal metaphase chromosomes. In principle, there are specific relationships among data obtained from these measurements, and combined measurements should provide a more comprehensive view of the sample that is analyzed. We applied these three techniques to nine brain tumor cell lines and find that a model of CGH that includes unsuppressed repeat sequences describes the data well. We estimate that up to 35% of the fluorescence intensity in well-blocked CGH preparations may not represent unique sequences. Taking these factors into account, our results are, in general, mutually consistent, and highlight issues critical for interpreting CGH preparations.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Genes Chromosomes and Cancer|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research