### Abstract

Breakouts are valuable indicators of the direction of the minimum compressive stress orthogonal to the axis of the borehole. Their shapes may provide information about the magnitudes of both the maximum and minimum stresses relative to the strength of the rock. Borehole breakouts also may be impediments to drilling and to in situ measurement techniques, such as hydraulic fracturing. Observations and analyses of borehole breakouts raise three important questions. First, how does the shape of the borehole breakout evolve? Second, why are breakout shapes stable despite the very high compressive stress concentrations that they produce? Third, how is the shape of the breakout related to the magnitudes of the stresses in the rock? The stresses outside the stable breakout are found to be everywhere less than the limiting values of shear strength given by a Mohr-Coulomb criterion. In the regions of great stress concentrations at the ends of a breakout cross section, which have a pointed shape, the state of stress approaches that of equal biaxial compression in plane strain, as it does ahead of a mathematical crack or notch. The fact that the stresses around a breakout are less than the relevant strength establishes both the stability of the final breakout cross section and the appropriateness of an elastic analysis of the stresses. According to this model, the cross-sectional shapes of stable breakouts are not related uniquely to the state of stress and the strength of the rock. -from Authors

Original language | English (US) |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | 7171-7182 |

Number of pages | 12 |

Journal | Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics |

Volume | 94 |

Issue number | B6 |

State | Published - 1989 |

Externally published | Yes |

### Fingerprint

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Medicine(all)
- Engineering(all)

### Cite this

*Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics*,

*94*(B6), 7171-7182.

**Analysis of borehole breakouts.** / Ziqiong Zheng, Zheng; Kemeny, John M; Cook, N. G W.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

*Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics*, vol. 94, no. B6, pp. 7171-7182.

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Analysis of borehole breakouts

AU - Ziqiong Zheng, Zheng

AU - Kemeny, John M

AU - Cook, N. G W

PY - 1989

Y1 - 1989

N2 - Breakouts are valuable indicators of the direction of the minimum compressive stress orthogonal to the axis of the borehole. Their shapes may provide information about the magnitudes of both the maximum and minimum stresses relative to the strength of the rock. Borehole breakouts also may be impediments to drilling and to in situ measurement techniques, such as hydraulic fracturing. Observations and analyses of borehole breakouts raise three important questions. First, how does the shape of the borehole breakout evolve? Second, why are breakout shapes stable despite the very high compressive stress concentrations that they produce? Third, how is the shape of the breakout related to the magnitudes of the stresses in the rock? The stresses outside the stable breakout are found to be everywhere less than the limiting values of shear strength given by a Mohr-Coulomb criterion. In the regions of great stress concentrations at the ends of a breakout cross section, which have a pointed shape, the state of stress approaches that of equal biaxial compression in plane strain, as it does ahead of a mathematical crack or notch. The fact that the stresses around a breakout are less than the relevant strength establishes both the stability of the final breakout cross section and the appropriateness of an elastic analysis of the stresses. According to this model, the cross-sectional shapes of stable breakouts are not related uniquely to the state of stress and the strength of the rock. -from Authors

AB - Breakouts are valuable indicators of the direction of the minimum compressive stress orthogonal to the axis of the borehole. Their shapes may provide information about the magnitudes of both the maximum and minimum stresses relative to the strength of the rock. Borehole breakouts also may be impediments to drilling and to in situ measurement techniques, such as hydraulic fracturing. Observations and analyses of borehole breakouts raise three important questions. First, how does the shape of the borehole breakout evolve? Second, why are breakout shapes stable despite the very high compressive stress concentrations that they produce? Third, how is the shape of the breakout related to the magnitudes of the stresses in the rock? The stresses outside the stable breakout are found to be everywhere less than the limiting values of shear strength given by a Mohr-Coulomb criterion. In the regions of great stress concentrations at the ends of a breakout cross section, which have a pointed shape, the state of stress approaches that of equal biaxial compression in plane strain, as it does ahead of a mathematical crack or notch. The fact that the stresses around a breakout are less than the relevant strength establishes both the stability of the final breakout cross section and the appropriateness of an elastic analysis of the stresses. According to this model, the cross-sectional shapes of stable breakouts are not related uniquely to the state of stress and the strength of the rock. -from Authors

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0024909540&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0024909540&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0024909540

VL - 94

SP - 7171

EP - 7182

JO - Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics

JF - Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics

SN - 2169-9380

IS - B6

ER -