Analysis of Multiple Variables Related to a Young Child's Aggressive Behavior

Kwang Sun C Blair, John - Umbreit, Susan Eck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined whether multiple antecedent and consequent variables, when arranged in different combinations, would differentially affect the likelihood that problem and/or appropriate behaviors would occur. Juan, age 4, engaged in a variety of aggressive behaviors during free-play activities at a childcare program. A descriptive assessment that included structured interviews and observations was conducted, and a series of assessment conditions were designed and implemented using a multi-element design. The initial assessment conditions examined the impact of the ratio of toys to peers during free-play activities. When there was an unfavorable ratio, that is, when there were few toys but many peers, aggressive behaviors occurred at a very high rate. When the ratio improved so that there were enough toys for each child, the rate of aggressive behavior dropped dramatically. During subsequent conditions, specific social skills were first taught and then prompted and reinforced, and occurrences of aggressive behavior were ignored. During these sessions, aggressive behaviors were virtually nonexistent and the use of appropriate social behavior by the children increased. Perhaps most important, this result obtained even when there was an unfavorable ratio of toys to peers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)33-39
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Positive Behavior Interventions
Volume2
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

Fingerprint

Child Behavior
Play and Playthings
Social Behavior
Interviews

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Applied Psychology

Cite this

Analysis of Multiple Variables Related to a Young Child's Aggressive Behavior. / Blair, Kwang Sun C; Umbreit, John -; Eck, Susan.

In: Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, Vol. 2, No. 1, 2000, p. 33-39.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{0832f940a79c45d194c182a65c2f6206,
title = "Analysis of Multiple Variables Related to a Young Child's Aggressive Behavior",
abstract = "This study examined whether multiple antecedent and consequent variables, when arranged in different combinations, would differentially affect the likelihood that problem and/or appropriate behaviors would occur. Juan, age 4, engaged in a variety of aggressive behaviors during free-play activities at a childcare program. A descriptive assessment that included structured interviews and observations was conducted, and a series of assessment conditions were designed and implemented using a multi-element design. The initial assessment conditions examined the impact of the ratio of toys to peers during free-play activities. When there was an unfavorable ratio, that is, when there were few toys but many peers, aggressive behaviors occurred at a very high rate. When the ratio improved so that there were enough toys for each child, the rate of aggressive behavior dropped dramatically. During subsequent conditions, specific social skills were first taught and then prompted and reinforced, and occurrences of aggressive behavior were ignored. During these sessions, aggressive behaviors were virtually nonexistent and the use of appropriate social behavior by the children increased. Perhaps most important, this result obtained even when there was an unfavorable ratio of toys to peers.",
author = "Blair, {Kwang Sun C} and Umbreit, {John -} and Susan Eck",
year = "2000",
doi = "10.1177/109830070000200105",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "2",
pages = "33--39",
journal = "Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions",
issn = "1098-3007",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Analysis of Multiple Variables Related to a Young Child's Aggressive Behavior

AU - Blair, Kwang Sun C

AU - Umbreit, John -

AU - Eck, Susan

PY - 2000

Y1 - 2000

N2 - This study examined whether multiple antecedent and consequent variables, when arranged in different combinations, would differentially affect the likelihood that problem and/or appropriate behaviors would occur. Juan, age 4, engaged in a variety of aggressive behaviors during free-play activities at a childcare program. A descriptive assessment that included structured interviews and observations was conducted, and a series of assessment conditions were designed and implemented using a multi-element design. The initial assessment conditions examined the impact of the ratio of toys to peers during free-play activities. When there was an unfavorable ratio, that is, when there were few toys but many peers, aggressive behaviors occurred at a very high rate. When the ratio improved so that there were enough toys for each child, the rate of aggressive behavior dropped dramatically. During subsequent conditions, specific social skills were first taught and then prompted and reinforced, and occurrences of aggressive behavior were ignored. During these sessions, aggressive behaviors were virtually nonexistent and the use of appropriate social behavior by the children increased. Perhaps most important, this result obtained even when there was an unfavorable ratio of toys to peers.

AB - This study examined whether multiple antecedent and consequent variables, when arranged in different combinations, would differentially affect the likelihood that problem and/or appropriate behaviors would occur. Juan, age 4, engaged in a variety of aggressive behaviors during free-play activities at a childcare program. A descriptive assessment that included structured interviews and observations was conducted, and a series of assessment conditions were designed and implemented using a multi-element design. The initial assessment conditions examined the impact of the ratio of toys to peers during free-play activities. When there was an unfavorable ratio, that is, when there were few toys but many peers, aggressive behaviors occurred at a very high rate. When the ratio improved so that there were enough toys for each child, the rate of aggressive behavior dropped dramatically. During subsequent conditions, specific social skills were first taught and then prompted and reinforced, and occurrences of aggressive behavior were ignored. During these sessions, aggressive behaviors were virtually nonexistent and the use of appropriate social behavior by the children increased. Perhaps most important, this result obtained even when there was an unfavorable ratio of toys to peers.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0007125474&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0007125474&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/109830070000200105

DO - 10.1177/109830070000200105

M3 - Article

VL - 2

SP - 33

EP - 39

JO - Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions

JF - Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions

SN - 1098-3007

IS - 1

ER -