Analysis of pH and buffer effects on flucytosine activity in broth dilution susceptibility testing of Candida albicans in two synthetic media

D. L. Calhoun, John N Galgiani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We examined the influences of different pH levels and three different buffers on flucytosine activity against 12 isolates of Candida albicans in two synthetic media, yeast nitrogen base (YNB) and synthetic amino acid medium-fungal (SAAMF), using both dilution techniques and measuring the endpoints of visual MICs and turbidimetric 50% inhibitory concentrations. The two media were originally prepared as follows: YNB, unbuffered, pH 5.6; SAAMF, buffered with morpholinepropanesulfonic acid-Tris, pH 7.4; the resultant geometric mean MIC and 50% inhibitory concentration of 5-FC were 78- and 32-fold higher, respectively, in SAAMF. Raising the pH of YNB or lowering the pH of SAAMF had virtually no effect on these differences in MIC and 50% inhibitory concentration in the two media. In contrast, virutally all of the discrepancy appeared to be due to morpholinepropanesulfonic acid-Tris, which exerted concentration-dependent inhibition of flucytosine activity not evident when N-2-hydroxyethylpiperazine-N'-ethanesulfonic acid or phosphate buffer systems were substituted. In other turbidimetric studies, growth was slowed more than 50% in YNB as the pH was raised to 7.4, regardless of which buffer was used. Based on our studies, we recommend modifying the composition of SAAMF by substituting a nonantagonistic buffer if any buffer is to be used with SAAMF in the testing of flucytosine. With this modification, SAAMF warrants further study as a generally applicable medium for fungal-susceptibility testing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)364-367
Number of pages4
JournalAntimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Volume26
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1984
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Flucytosine
Candida albicans
Buffers
Amino Acids
Nitrogen
Yeasts
Inhibitory Concentration 50
Indicator Dilution Techniques
Acids
Phosphates
Growth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this

@article{bc448cf39ed64716a831b33b1040baa8,
title = "Analysis of pH and buffer effects on flucytosine activity in broth dilution susceptibility testing of Candida albicans in two synthetic media",
abstract = "We examined the influences of different pH levels and three different buffers on flucytosine activity against 12 isolates of Candida albicans in two synthetic media, yeast nitrogen base (YNB) and synthetic amino acid medium-fungal (SAAMF), using both dilution techniques and measuring the endpoints of visual MICs and turbidimetric 50{\%} inhibitory concentrations. The two media were originally prepared as follows: YNB, unbuffered, pH 5.6; SAAMF, buffered with morpholinepropanesulfonic acid-Tris, pH 7.4; the resultant geometric mean MIC and 50{\%} inhibitory concentration of 5-FC were 78- and 32-fold higher, respectively, in SAAMF. Raising the pH of YNB or lowering the pH of SAAMF had virtually no effect on these differences in MIC and 50{\%} inhibitory concentration in the two media. In contrast, virutally all of the discrepancy appeared to be due to morpholinepropanesulfonic acid-Tris, which exerted concentration-dependent inhibition of flucytosine activity not evident when N-2-hydroxyethylpiperazine-N'-ethanesulfonic acid or phosphate buffer systems were substituted. In other turbidimetric studies, growth was slowed more than 50{\%} in YNB as the pH was raised to 7.4, regardless of which buffer was used. Based on our studies, we recommend modifying the composition of SAAMF by substituting a nonantagonistic buffer if any buffer is to be used with SAAMF in the testing of flucytosine. With this modification, SAAMF warrants further study as a generally applicable medium for fungal-susceptibility testing.",
author = "Calhoun, {D. L.} and Galgiani, {John N}",
year = "1984",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "26",
pages = "364--367",
journal = "Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy",
issn = "0066-4804",
publisher = "American Society for Microbiology",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Analysis of pH and buffer effects on flucytosine activity in broth dilution susceptibility testing of Candida albicans in two synthetic media

AU - Calhoun, D. L.

AU - Galgiani, John N

PY - 1984

Y1 - 1984

N2 - We examined the influences of different pH levels and three different buffers on flucytosine activity against 12 isolates of Candida albicans in two synthetic media, yeast nitrogen base (YNB) and synthetic amino acid medium-fungal (SAAMF), using both dilution techniques and measuring the endpoints of visual MICs and turbidimetric 50% inhibitory concentrations. The two media were originally prepared as follows: YNB, unbuffered, pH 5.6; SAAMF, buffered with morpholinepropanesulfonic acid-Tris, pH 7.4; the resultant geometric mean MIC and 50% inhibitory concentration of 5-FC were 78- and 32-fold higher, respectively, in SAAMF. Raising the pH of YNB or lowering the pH of SAAMF had virtually no effect on these differences in MIC and 50% inhibitory concentration in the two media. In contrast, virutally all of the discrepancy appeared to be due to morpholinepropanesulfonic acid-Tris, which exerted concentration-dependent inhibition of flucytosine activity not evident when N-2-hydroxyethylpiperazine-N'-ethanesulfonic acid or phosphate buffer systems were substituted. In other turbidimetric studies, growth was slowed more than 50% in YNB as the pH was raised to 7.4, regardless of which buffer was used. Based on our studies, we recommend modifying the composition of SAAMF by substituting a nonantagonistic buffer if any buffer is to be used with SAAMF in the testing of flucytosine. With this modification, SAAMF warrants further study as a generally applicable medium for fungal-susceptibility testing.

AB - We examined the influences of different pH levels and three different buffers on flucytosine activity against 12 isolates of Candida albicans in two synthetic media, yeast nitrogen base (YNB) and synthetic amino acid medium-fungal (SAAMF), using both dilution techniques and measuring the endpoints of visual MICs and turbidimetric 50% inhibitory concentrations. The two media were originally prepared as follows: YNB, unbuffered, pH 5.6; SAAMF, buffered with morpholinepropanesulfonic acid-Tris, pH 7.4; the resultant geometric mean MIC and 50% inhibitory concentration of 5-FC were 78- and 32-fold higher, respectively, in SAAMF. Raising the pH of YNB or lowering the pH of SAAMF had virtually no effect on these differences in MIC and 50% inhibitory concentration in the two media. In contrast, virutally all of the discrepancy appeared to be due to morpholinepropanesulfonic acid-Tris, which exerted concentration-dependent inhibition of flucytosine activity not evident when N-2-hydroxyethylpiperazine-N'-ethanesulfonic acid or phosphate buffer systems were substituted. In other turbidimetric studies, growth was slowed more than 50% in YNB as the pH was raised to 7.4, regardless of which buffer was used. Based on our studies, we recommend modifying the composition of SAAMF by substituting a nonantagonistic buffer if any buffer is to be used with SAAMF in the testing of flucytosine. With this modification, SAAMF warrants further study as a generally applicable medium for fungal-susceptibility testing.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0021182647&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0021182647&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 26

SP - 364

EP - 367

JO - Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy

JF - Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy

SN - 0066-4804

IS - 3

ER -