Analysis of United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) United States of America (USA) Pancreas Transplant Registry data according to multiple variables.

D. E. Sutherland, A. Gruessner, K. Moudry-Munns

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13 Scopus citations

Abstract

As of 1992, more than 4,200 pancreas transplants were reported to the International Pancreas Transplant Registry. Of these, more than 2,600 were performed in the United States, and of these, more than 2,100 have been transplanted since the inception of the UNOS Registry in October 1987. The analyses here are only of the UNOS data. Pancreas transplants performed in conjunction with a liver (either cluster or noncluster) or a heart were excluded from the analysis, and only those performed as a solitary procedure or in conjunction with a kidney were included. Emphasis was placed on those performed with the bladder drainage (BD) technique (96%). In the overall analysis of BD cadaveric pancreas transplants (n = 1,879), 1-year patient survival and pancreas graft function survival rates were 91% and 71%, respectively, 87% and 66% at 2 years, and 81% and 59% at 3 years. There were no differences according to gender, but 1-year graft survival rates were significantly higher in recipients 45 years or younger (72%) (n = 1,679) than in those older than 45 (64%) (n = 200). There were no significant differences according to graft preservation times of less than 12 (n = 749), 12-24 (n = 940), 24-30 (n = 79), and more than 30 (n = 9) hours, function rates at 1 year being 71%, 72%, 72%, and 44%, respectively. When analyzed according to the 3 major recipient categories (simultaneous pancreas/kidney transplants [SPK] [n = 1604]; pancreas after kidney transplants [PAK] [n = 166]; and pancreas transplants alone [PTA] [n = 109]), patient survival rates were no different (91%, 92%, and 92% at 1 year, respectively), but pancreas graft survival rates were significantly higher in the SPK than in the PAK and PTA categories (75%, 48%, and 49%, at 1 year, respectively). In the SPK group, kidney graft survival rates at 1 year were 84%. Outcomes were also compared according to whether induction immunotherapy included ALG, OKT3, or neither. In the SPK category, there was no difference among the protocols, with 1-year graft survival rates being 76% in the ALG (n = 838), 76% in the OKT3 (n = 416), and 72% in the Neither (n = 299) group.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)45-59
Number of pages15
JournalClinical transplants
StatePublished - 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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