Analytical energy gradient used in variational Born-Oppenheimer calculations with all-electron explicitly correlated Gaussian functions for molecules containing one π electron

Wei Cheng Tung, Michele Pavanello, Keeper L. Sharkey, Nikita Kirnosov, Ludwik Adamowicz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

An algorithm for variational calculations of molecules with one π electron performed with all-electron explicitly correlated Gaussian (ECG) functions with floating centers is derived and implemented. The algorithm includes the analytic gradient of the Born-Oppenheimer electronic energy determined with respect to the ECG exponential parameters and the coordinates of the Gaussian centers. The availability of the gradient greatly accelerates the variational energy minimization. The algorithm is tested in calculations of four electronic excited states, c3Πu, C1Π u, i3Πg, and I1Πg, of the hydrogen molecule at a single internuclear distance specific to each state. With the use of the analytical energy gradient, the present calculations yield new, lowest-to-date, variational energy upper bounds for all four states.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number124101
JournalThe Journal of Chemical Physics
Volume138
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 28 2013

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Electrons
gradients
Molecules
molecules
electrons
Excited states
energy
Hydrogen
electronics
Availability
floating
availability
optimization
hydrogen
excitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Medicine(all)

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Analytical energy gradient used in variational Born-Oppenheimer calculations with all-electron explicitly correlated Gaussian functions for molecules containing one π electron. / Tung, Wei Cheng; Pavanello, Michele; Sharkey, Keeper L.; Kirnosov, Nikita; Adamowicz, Ludwik.

In: The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 138, No. 12, 124101, 28.03.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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