Analytical performance characteristics of the Abbott Architect i2000 Tacrolimus assay; comparisons with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and Abbott IMx methods

Barun K. De, E. Jimenez, S. De, J. C. Sawyer, G. A. McMillin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Tacrolimus, an immunosuppressive drug discovered in 1984, is used to decrease the risk of organ rejection. The 2007 European Consensus Conference on Tacrolimus Optimization recommended the use of methods with a limit of quantitation at ≤ 1 ng/ml for monitoring low dose tacrolimus therapy. Methods: The performance characteristics of the Abbott i2000 Tacrolimus assay were evaluated and compared to LC-MS/MS and Abbott IMx methods. Results: The limit of detection of the Abbott i2000 method was 0.21 ng/ml. Total imprecision was 6.9, 5.8 and 4.2% at three target concentrations of tacrolimus (3.2, 8.5 and 15.9 ng/ml) respectively. The method was linear up to 30 ng/ml. The limit of quantitation (LOQ) was 0.5 ng/ml. Correlation of patient specimen results between the Abbott i2000 method and LC-MS/MS yielded a Deming slope of 1.072 ng/ml (CI 1.005 to 1.140), r = 0.952 and an intercept of - 0.491 ng/ml (CI -1.387 to 0.405). The mean bias, as determined by Bland-Altman analysis, was 0.36 ng/ml. Comparing results generated by the widely used Abbott IMx assay with LC-MS/MS and Architect i2000 methods yielded Deming slopes of 1.062 and 0.973, with intercepts of - 0.214 ng/ml and - 0.01 ng/ml respectively. For both comparisons, r = 0.97. The corresponding mean bias of results generated by the Abbott IMx assay (Bland-Altman plots) was 0.53 ng/ml vs LC-MS/MS and - 0.38 ng/ml vs the Architect i2000. Conclusions: The Architect i2000 method is a sensitive and highly precise method that achieves a LOQ of < 1.0 ng/ml and demonstrated overall accuracy of tacrolimus measurements within 0.4 ng/ml.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25-30
Number of pages6
JournalClinica Chimica Acta
Volume410
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 8 2009

Keywords

  • Drug monitoring
  • FK-506
  • Functional sensitivity
  • Method evaluation
  • Tacrolimus
  • Transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

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