Ancient oceans, ice sheets and the hydrological cycle on Mars

V. R. Baker, R. G. Strom, V. C. Gulick, J. S. Kargel, G. Komatsu, V. S. Kale

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

501 Scopus citations


A variety of anomalous geomorphological features on Mars can be explained by a conceptual scheme involving episodic ocean and ice-sheet formation. The formation of valley networks early in Mars' history is evidence for a long-term hydrological cycle, which may have been associated with the existence of a persistent ocean. Cataclysmic flooding, triggered by extensive Tharsis volcanism, subsequently led to repeated ocean formation and then dissipation on the northern plains, and associated glaciation in the southern highlands until relatively late in martian history.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)589-594
Number of pages6
Issue number6336
StatePublished - Aug 15 1991


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Baker, V. R., Strom, R. G., Gulick, V. C., Kargel, J. S., Komatsu, G., & Kale, V. S. (1991). Ancient oceans, ice sheets and the hydrological cycle on Mars. Nature, 352(6336), 589-594.