Androgen receptors in human synoviocytes and androgen regulation of interleukin 1β (IL-1β) induced IL-6 production: A link between hypoandrogenicity and rheumatoid arthritis?

Zhila Khalkhali-Ellis, Robert J. Handa, Richard H. Price, Brian D. Adams, John J. Callaghan, Mary J.C. Hendrix

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective. To investigate the hypothesis that synoviocytes possess androgen receptors (AR) that could be modulated by the non-aromatizable androgen, dihydrotestosterone (DHT), resulting in altered levels of inflammatory cytokines. Methods. Using molecular analyses of AR in combination with the multiprobe ribonuclease protection assay and ELISA, we investigated the presence of AR and the effect of DHT on interleukin 1β (IL-1β) induced expression of the IL-6 superfamily of cytokines in synoviocytes. Results. Our studies corroborate the presence of AR in synoviocytes. DHT exerts a suppressive effect on IL-1β induced IL-6, macrophage-colony stimulating factor (CSF), and granulocyte-CSF production by synoviocytes. This modulatory effect is exerted at both the transcriptional and translational level; 17β-estradiol, at high concentrations, had a stimulatory effect. Conclusion. The identification of functional AR in synoviocytes and the modulatory effect of DHT on the inflammatory process in the joint suggest a direct link between hypoandrogenicity and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) disease status. Understanding the complex regulation of inflammatory cytokines by hormones may contribute to the development of new therapeutic targets for clinical intervention in RA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1843-1846
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Rheumatology
Volume29
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Androgen
  • Androgen receptor
  • Interleukin 6
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Synnoviocytes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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