Angular momentum transport in accretion disks: Scaling laws in MRI-driven turbulence

Martin E. Pessah, Chi Kwan Chan, Dimitrios Psaltis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

111 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present a scaling law that predicts the values of the stresses obtained in numerical simulations of saturated MRI-driven turbulence in nonstratified shearing boxes. It relates the turbulent stresses to the strength of the vertical magnetic field, the sound speed, the vertical size of the box, and the numerical resolution and predicts accurately the results of 35 numerical simulations performed for a wide variety of physical conditions. We use our result to show that the saturated stresses in simulations with zero net magnetic flux depend linearly on the numerical resolution and would become negligible if the resolution were set equal to the natural dissipation scale in astrophysical disks. We conclude that in order for MRI-driven turbulent angular momentum transport to be able to account for the large value of the effective alpha viscosity inferred observationally, the disk must be threaded by a significant vertical magnetic field and the turbulent magnetic energy must be in near equipartition with the thermal energy. This result has important implications for the spectra of accretion disks and their stability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L51-L54
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume668
Issue number1 PART 2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2007

Keywords

  • Accretion
  • Accretion disks
  • Black hole physics
  • Instabilities
  • MHD
  • Turbulence Online material: Color figures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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