Annual radiocarbon record indicates 16th century BCE date for the Thera eruption

Charlotte L. Pearson, Peter W. Brewer, David Brown, Timothy J. Heaton, Gregory W.L. Hodgins, A. J. Timothy Jull, Todd Lange, Matthew W. Salzer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The mid-second millennium BCE eruption of Thera (Santorini) offers a critically important marker horizon to synchronize archaeological chronologies of the Aegean, Egypt, and the Near East and to anchor paleoenvironmental records from ice cores, speleothems, and lake sediments. Precise and accurate dating for the event has been the subject of many decades of research. Using calendar-dated tree rings, we created an annual resolution radiocarbon time series 1700–1500 BCE to validate, improve, or more clearly define the limitations for radiocarbon calibration of materials from key eruption contexts. Results show an offset from the international radiocarbon calibration curve, which indicates a shift in the calibrated age range for Thera toward the 16th century BCE. This finding sheds new light on the long-running debate focused on a discrepancy between radiocarbon (late 17th–early 16th century BCE) and archaeological (mid 16th–early 15th century BCE) dating evidence for Thera.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbereaar8241
JournalScience advances
Volume4
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 15 2018

Fingerprint

volcanic eruption
calibration
speleothem
tree ring
ice core
anchor
lacustrine deposit
chronology
time series
dating
material
marker

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Annual radiocarbon record indicates 16th century BCE date for the Thera eruption. / Pearson, Charlotte L.; Brewer, Peter W.; Brown, David; Heaton, Timothy J.; Hodgins, Gregory W.L.; Timothy Jull, A. J.; Lange, Todd; Salzer, Matthew W.

In: Science advances, Vol. 4, No. 8, eaar8241, 15.08.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pearson, CL, Brewer, PW, Brown, D, Heaton, TJ, Hodgins, GWL, Timothy Jull, AJ, Lange, T & Salzer, MW 2018, 'Annual radiocarbon record indicates 16th century BCE date for the Thera eruption', Science advances, vol. 4, no. 8, eaar8241. https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aar8241
Pearson, Charlotte L. ; Brewer, Peter W. ; Brown, David ; Heaton, Timothy J. ; Hodgins, Gregory W.L. ; Timothy Jull, A. J. ; Lange, Todd ; Salzer, Matthew W. / Annual radiocarbon record indicates 16th century BCE date for the Thera eruption. In: Science advances. 2018 ; Vol. 4, No. 8.
@article{2f39cec0452e4590be304503a46945d6,
title = "Annual radiocarbon record indicates 16th century BCE date for the Thera eruption",
abstract = "The mid-second millennium BCE eruption of Thera (Santorini) offers a critically important marker horizon to synchronize archaeological chronologies of the Aegean, Egypt, and the Near East and to anchor paleoenvironmental records from ice cores, speleothems, and lake sediments. Precise and accurate dating for the event has been the subject of many decades of research. Using calendar-dated tree rings, we created an annual resolution radiocarbon time series 1700–1500 BCE to validate, improve, or more clearly define the limitations for radiocarbon calibration of materials from key eruption contexts. Results show an offset from the international radiocarbon calibration curve, which indicates a shift in the calibrated age range for Thera toward the 16th century BCE. This finding sheds new light on the long-running debate focused on a discrepancy between radiocarbon (late 17th–early 16th century BCE) and archaeological (mid 16th–early 15th century BCE) dating evidence for Thera.",
author = "Pearson, {Charlotte L.} and Brewer, {Peter W.} and David Brown and Heaton, {Timothy J.} and Hodgins, {Gregory W.L.} and {Timothy Jull}, {A. J.} and Todd Lange and Salzer, {Matthew W.}",
year = "2018",
month = "8",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1126/sciadv.aar8241",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "4",
journal = "Science advances",
issn = "2375-2548",
publisher = "American Association for the Advancement of Science",
number = "8",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Annual radiocarbon record indicates 16th century BCE date for the Thera eruption

AU - Pearson, Charlotte L.

AU - Brewer, Peter W.

AU - Brown, David

AU - Heaton, Timothy J.

AU - Hodgins, Gregory W.L.

AU - Timothy Jull, A. J.

AU - Lange, Todd

AU - Salzer, Matthew W.

PY - 2018/8/15

Y1 - 2018/8/15

N2 - The mid-second millennium BCE eruption of Thera (Santorini) offers a critically important marker horizon to synchronize archaeological chronologies of the Aegean, Egypt, and the Near East and to anchor paleoenvironmental records from ice cores, speleothems, and lake sediments. Precise and accurate dating for the event has been the subject of many decades of research. Using calendar-dated tree rings, we created an annual resolution radiocarbon time series 1700–1500 BCE to validate, improve, or more clearly define the limitations for radiocarbon calibration of materials from key eruption contexts. Results show an offset from the international radiocarbon calibration curve, which indicates a shift in the calibrated age range for Thera toward the 16th century BCE. This finding sheds new light on the long-running debate focused on a discrepancy between radiocarbon (late 17th–early 16th century BCE) and archaeological (mid 16th–early 15th century BCE) dating evidence for Thera.

AB - The mid-second millennium BCE eruption of Thera (Santorini) offers a critically important marker horizon to synchronize archaeological chronologies of the Aegean, Egypt, and the Near East and to anchor paleoenvironmental records from ice cores, speleothems, and lake sediments. Precise and accurate dating for the event has been the subject of many decades of research. Using calendar-dated tree rings, we created an annual resolution radiocarbon time series 1700–1500 BCE to validate, improve, or more clearly define the limitations for radiocarbon calibration of materials from key eruption contexts. Results show an offset from the international radiocarbon calibration curve, which indicates a shift in the calibrated age range for Thera toward the 16th century BCE. This finding sheds new light on the long-running debate focused on a discrepancy between radiocarbon (late 17th–early 16th century BCE) and archaeological (mid 16th–early 15th century BCE) dating evidence for Thera.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85052246844&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85052246844&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1126/sciadv.aar8241

DO - 10.1126/sciadv.aar8241

M3 - Article

C2 - 30116779

AN - SCOPUS:85052246844

VL - 4

JO - Science advances

JF - Science advances

SN - 2375-2548

IS - 8

M1 - eaar8241

ER -