Anthrax pneumonia

C. C. Penn, Stephen A Klotz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Inhalation anthrax is a rare and almost uniformly fatal form of human anthrax caused by the inhalation of spores of Bacillus anthracis. A clue to the diagnosis is provided by taking a work history which will disclose patient exposure to contaminated animal products, most often animal hair and wool used in the textile industry. It is an illness with a biphasic course marked by the presence of a widened mediastinum on chest radiograph and often accompanied by hemorrhagic meningitis. The pathogenesis of this disease as well as the differential diagnosis of inhalation anthrax in the context of other zoonotic pneumonias is discussed. Therapy has been ineffectual probably because it has begun too late, but includes intravenous high dose penicillin G and perhaps vaccination to prevent relapse.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)28-30
Number of pages3
JournalSeminars in Respiratory Infections
Volume12
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Anthrax
Pneumonia
Textile Industry
Bacillus anthracis
Penicillin G
Wool
Zoonoses
Mediastinum
Spores
Meningitis
Hair
Vaccination
Differential Diagnosis
Thorax
Recurrence
Inhalation anthrax
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Microbiology (medical)

Cite this

Anthrax pneumonia. / Penn, C. C.; Klotz, Stephen A.

In: Seminars in Respiratory Infections, Vol. 12, No. 1, 1997, p. 28-30.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Penn, CC & Klotz, SA 1997, 'Anthrax pneumonia', Seminars in Respiratory Infections, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 28-30.
Penn, C. C. ; Klotz, Stephen A. / Anthrax pneumonia. In: Seminars in Respiratory Infections. 1997 ; Vol. 12, No. 1. pp. 28-30.
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