Antibody fusions reduce onset of experimental Cryptosporidium parvum infection in calves

Michael Imboden, Deborah A. Schaefer, Robert D. Bremel, E. Jane Homan, Michael W. Riggs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cryptosporidium parvum is one of the main causes of diarrhea in neonatal calves resulting in significant morbidity and economic losses for producers worldwide. We have previously demonstrated efficacy of a new class of antimicrobial antibody fusions in a neonatal mouse model for C. parvum infection. Here, we extend efficacy testing of these products to experimental infection in calves, the principal target species. Neonatal calves were challenged with C. parvum oocysts and concomitantly treated with antibody-biocide fusion 4H9-G1-LL37 over the course of four days. This resulted in reduced severity of the disease when compared to control animals. Overall clinical health parameters showed significant improvement in treated animals. Oocyst shedding was reduced in treated when compared to control animals. Control of oocyst shedding is a prerequisite for breaking the cycle of re-infection on dairy farms. Antibody-biocide fusion products thus have the potential to reduce the impact of the infection in both individual animals and in the herd.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)41-47
Number of pages7
JournalVeterinary Parasitology
Volume188
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 13 2012

Keywords

  • Antibody fusion
  • Biotherapeutic
  • Cryptosporidiosis
  • Cryptosporidium parvum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • veterinary(all)

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