Strategies to enhance the efficacy of DNA vaccination against malignancy remain to be established. In this study, a plasmid expressing a tumor antigen incorporated into the signal peptide of human IL-2 was tested as a DNA vaccine in a murine model system. Results showed that antigen-specific CTL responses were elicited by intramuscular injection of these plasmids. Importantly, compared with a minigene vector expressing the same epitope, the OVA epitope-incorporated, IL-2 expression plasmid vaccination was more effective in protecting mice from OVA-expressing tumor challenge. The improved efficacy appears to result from enhanced antigen presentation as well as the immunostimulatory activity of IL-2. This approach may provide new perspectives in designing cytokine-adjuvant DNA vaccines for clinical applications.
- Antigen Epitope
- DNA vaccine
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Infectious Diseases