Apparent stress and stress drop for intraplate earthquakes and tectonic stress in the plates

Randall M. Richardson, Sean C. Solomon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

The magnitude of shear stress in the lithosphere is bounded from below by the apparent stress and stress drop during intraplate earthquakes. Apparent stresses and stress drops for a number of mid-plate earthquakes are calculated from the earthquake magnitude, SH wave amplitude spectra, and estimates of the length of the fault zone. Apparent stresses vary between 0.1 and 2 bars, if mb is used as a measure of seismic energy, and stress drops lie between 2 and 70 bars. There is no systematic difference in either apparent stress or stress drop between these intraplate events and typical plate boundary earthquakes. These bounds on intraplate shear stresses are consistent with the inference from current models of plate tectonic driving forces that regional stress differences in the plates are typically on the order of 100 bars. The highest stress drops measured for midplate earthquakes under this model represent nearly total release of local tectonic stress.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)317-331
Number of pages15
JournalPure and Applied Geophysics PAGEOPH
Volume115
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1977
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Apparent stress
  • Intraplate stress
  • Stress drop

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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