Applying an integrative framework of executive function to preschoolers with specific language impairment

Leah L. Kapa, Elena Plante, Kevin Doubleday

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Abstract

Purpose: The first goal of this research was to compare measures of sustained selective attention and working verbal and nonverbal executive function abilities between memory, the verbal inhibition task, and the nonverbal preschoolers with and without specific language impairment shifting task. Comparisons of standardized group (SLI). The second goal was to assess the group differences on differences between executive function measures 4 executive function components in order to determine if the revealed a linear increase with the following order: components may be hierarchically related as suggested within working memory, inhibition, shifting, and sustained a developmental integrative framework of executive function. selective attention. Method: This study included 26 4- and 5-year-olds diagnosed Conclusion: The pattern of results suggests that preschoolers with SLI and 26 typically developing age- and sex-matched with SLI have deficits in executive functioning compared with peers. Participants were tested on verbal and nonverbal typical peers, and deficits are not limited to verbal tasks. A measures of sustained selective attention, working memory, significant linear relationship between group differences inhibition, and shifting. across executive function components supports the Results: The SLI group performed worse compared with possibility of a hierarchical relationship between executive typically developing children on both verbal and nonverbal function skills.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages2170-2184
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research
Volume60
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

Fingerprint

Preschoolers
Specific Language Impairment
Executive Function
Language
language
Selective Attention
Inhibition (Psychology)
Group
Group Differences
Working Memory
Peers
Short-Term Memory
deficit
Aptitude
Research
ability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Speech and Hearing

Cite this

Applying an integrative framework of executive function to preschoolers with specific language impairment. / Kapa, Leah L.; Plante, Elena; Doubleday, Kevin.

In: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, Vol. 60, No. 8, 2017, p. 2170-2184.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

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