Approaches used in conducting health outcomes and effectiveness research

Aurelio J Figueredo, Lee Sechrest

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Over the past several decades, a number of approaches (e.g., decision analysis, meta-analyses, clinical trials, analysis of claims data, longitudinal observational studies including those done through patient outcomes research teams, etc.) have been used to conduct outcomes, effectiveness, and appropriateness research. Each of these approaches has varying degrees of comparative advantage and disadvantage with respect to the other. As knowledge of outcomes and effectiveness increases, and as new issues emerge as subjects of research, these approaches may or may not be adequate to generate the necessary information and level of confidence in findings that are desired. What are the strengths and weaknesses of each approach, and what gaps exist in our methodological armamentarium? How do existing methods need to be strengthened? What is the most appropriate application of specific research methods to particular problems? What is the appropriate balance of use of the different available approaches? What types of new methodologies need to be developed to further the field of outcomes and effectiveness research?

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)41-59
Number of pages19
JournalEvaluation and Program Planning
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2001

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Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Health
health
Research
Insurance Claim Review
Decision Support Techniques
research approach
Observational Studies
Longitudinal Studies
research method
Meta-Analysis
longitudinal study
confidence
Clinical Trials
decision analysis
comparative advantage
methodology
Health outcomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Strategy and Management
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Social Psychology
  • Education
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Approaches used in conducting health outcomes and effectiveness research. / Figueredo, Aurelio J; Sechrest, Lee.

In: Evaluation and Program Planning, Vol. 24, No. 1, 02.2001, p. 41-59.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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