Architectural implementation of vegetated cover from agriculture for restoring human thermal comfort and mitigating the urban heat island effect in arid regions

I. E. Gaxiola, Nader V Chalfoun, C. Moeller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This investigation describes improved outdoor Human Thermal Comfort levels, based on the effects of integrating vegetated surfaces, such as those from Urban Agriculture systems, to architecture components of a building envelope within Tucson, Arizona, which can contribute on Urban Heat Island mitigation. Urban Agriculture comprises the integration of crop production with the built environment, it can contribute to improving buildings' performance, reducing air pollution, alleviating food scarcity, reducing stormwater runoff, decreasing fossil fuel use, and restoring Human Thermal Comfort. A methodology for outdoor Human Thermal Comfort assessment was applied. It involved the use of digital analysis of fish-eye lens photographs, and 'OUTDOOR', a computer software developed by Nader Chalfoun, Ph.D., at the University of Arizona, which is capable of calculating Human Thermal Comfort indices. Assumptions of this study include: access to water, soil, air, a building envelope, and the presence of vertical and horizontal arrangements of vegetated surfaces, produced in successfully developed Urban Agriculture systems around a selected building envelope in a hot-arid climate. Existing Human Thermal Comfort conditions were compared to those simulated with the integration of vegetated surfaces in order to evaluate the potential effects of Urban Agriculture, and to reach restored Human Thermal Comfort levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)373-383
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Design and Nature and Ecodynamics
Volume13
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

urban agriculture
Arid regions
Thermal comfort
heat island
Agriculture
arid region
Thermal effects
arid zones
Hot Temperature
agriculture
heat
soil air
stormwater
crop production
fossil fuel
eye lens
photograph
mitigation
atmospheric pollution
Fossil Fuels

Keywords

  • Fish-eye lens photograph
  • Hemispherical photography
  • Human thermal comfort
  • Human viewfactor
  • Mean radiant temperature
  • Urban agriculture
  • Urban heat island

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

@article{61d57ff4100c45b2b2771b34eb103bca,
title = "Architectural implementation of vegetated cover from agriculture for restoring human thermal comfort and mitigating the urban heat island effect in arid regions",
abstract = "This investigation describes improved outdoor Human Thermal Comfort levels, based on the effects of integrating vegetated surfaces, such as those from Urban Agriculture systems, to architecture components of a building envelope within Tucson, Arizona, which can contribute on Urban Heat Island mitigation. Urban Agriculture comprises the integration of crop production with the built environment, it can contribute to improving buildings' performance, reducing air pollution, alleviating food scarcity, reducing stormwater runoff, decreasing fossil fuel use, and restoring Human Thermal Comfort. A methodology for outdoor Human Thermal Comfort assessment was applied. It involved the use of digital analysis of fish-eye lens photographs, and 'OUTDOOR', a computer software developed by Nader Chalfoun, Ph.D., at the University of Arizona, which is capable of calculating Human Thermal Comfort indices. Assumptions of this study include: access to water, soil, air, a building envelope, and the presence of vertical and horizontal arrangements of vegetated surfaces, produced in successfully developed Urban Agriculture systems around a selected building envelope in a hot-arid climate. Existing Human Thermal Comfort conditions were compared to those simulated with the integration of vegetated surfaces in order to evaluate the potential effects of Urban Agriculture, and to reach restored Human Thermal Comfort levels.",
keywords = "Fish-eye lens photograph, Hemispherical photography, Human thermal comfort, Human viewfactor, Mean radiant temperature, Urban agriculture, Urban heat island",
author = "Gaxiola, {I. E.} and Chalfoun, {Nader V} and C. Moeller",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.2495/DNE-V13-N4-373-383",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "13",
pages = "373--383",
journal = "International Journal of Design and Nature and Ecodynamics",
issn = "1755-7437",
publisher = "WIT Press",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Architectural implementation of vegetated cover from agriculture for restoring human thermal comfort and mitigating the urban heat island effect in arid regions

AU - Gaxiola, I. E.

AU - Chalfoun, Nader V

AU - Moeller, C.

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - This investigation describes improved outdoor Human Thermal Comfort levels, based on the effects of integrating vegetated surfaces, such as those from Urban Agriculture systems, to architecture components of a building envelope within Tucson, Arizona, which can contribute on Urban Heat Island mitigation. Urban Agriculture comprises the integration of crop production with the built environment, it can contribute to improving buildings' performance, reducing air pollution, alleviating food scarcity, reducing stormwater runoff, decreasing fossil fuel use, and restoring Human Thermal Comfort. A methodology for outdoor Human Thermal Comfort assessment was applied. It involved the use of digital analysis of fish-eye lens photographs, and 'OUTDOOR', a computer software developed by Nader Chalfoun, Ph.D., at the University of Arizona, which is capable of calculating Human Thermal Comfort indices. Assumptions of this study include: access to water, soil, air, a building envelope, and the presence of vertical and horizontal arrangements of vegetated surfaces, produced in successfully developed Urban Agriculture systems around a selected building envelope in a hot-arid climate. Existing Human Thermal Comfort conditions were compared to those simulated with the integration of vegetated surfaces in order to evaluate the potential effects of Urban Agriculture, and to reach restored Human Thermal Comfort levels.

AB - This investigation describes improved outdoor Human Thermal Comfort levels, based on the effects of integrating vegetated surfaces, such as those from Urban Agriculture systems, to architecture components of a building envelope within Tucson, Arizona, which can contribute on Urban Heat Island mitigation. Urban Agriculture comprises the integration of crop production with the built environment, it can contribute to improving buildings' performance, reducing air pollution, alleviating food scarcity, reducing stormwater runoff, decreasing fossil fuel use, and restoring Human Thermal Comfort. A methodology for outdoor Human Thermal Comfort assessment was applied. It involved the use of digital analysis of fish-eye lens photographs, and 'OUTDOOR', a computer software developed by Nader Chalfoun, Ph.D., at the University of Arizona, which is capable of calculating Human Thermal Comfort indices. Assumptions of this study include: access to water, soil, air, a building envelope, and the presence of vertical and horizontal arrangements of vegetated surfaces, produced in successfully developed Urban Agriculture systems around a selected building envelope in a hot-arid climate. Existing Human Thermal Comfort conditions were compared to those simulated with the integration of vegetated surfaces in order to evaluate the potential effects of Urban Agriculture, and to reach restored Human Thermal Comfort levels.

KW - Fish-eye lens photograph

KW - Hemispherical photography

KW - Human thermal comfort

KW - Human viewfactor

KW - Mean radiant temperature

KW - Urban agriculture

KW - Urban heat island

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85058553844&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85058553844&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2495/DNE-V13-N4-373-383

DO - 10.2495/DNE-V13-N4-373-383

M3 - Article

VL - 13

SP - 373

EP - 383

JO - International Journal of Design and Nature and Ecodynamics

JF - International Journal of Design and Nature and Ecodynamics

SN - 1755-7437

IS - 4

ER -