Are Mexicans more or less sociable than Americans? Insights from a naturalistic observation study

Nairán Ramírez-Esparza, Matthias R Mehl, Javier Álvarez-Bermúdez, James W. Pennebaker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Stereotypes about Mexicans are that they are outgoing, talkative, sociable, and extraverted. However, in self-reports, Mexicans rate themselves as less extraverted than Americans. To resolve this paradox, we measured self-reported sociability using a personality questionnaire, and behavioral sociability using the Electronically Activated Recorder (EAR) in Mexican and American students. The results showed that Mexicans saw themselves as less sociable than Americans, but they behaved more sociably in their everyday lives. The results also showed that expressions of sociability differed across cultures in accordance with manifestations of interdependent-independent selves. Whereas Mexicans socialized more often in public environments and by interacting with a person who is immediately present, Americans socialized more in private environments and by interacting with remote persons.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Research in Personality
Volume43
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2009

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Observation
Self Report
Personality
Students
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Behavioral observation
  • Culture
  • Electronically Activated Recorder
  • Extraversion
  • National character
  • Sociability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Are Mexicans more or less sociable than Americans? Insights from a naturalistic observation study. / Ramírez-Esparza, Nairán; Mehl, Matthias R; Álvarez-Bermúdez, Javier; Pennebaker, James W.

In: Journal of Research in Personality, Vol. 43, No. 1, 02.2009, p. 1-7.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ramírez-Esparza, Nairán ; Mehl, Matthias R ; Álvarez-Bermúdez, Javier ; Pennebaker, James W. / Are Mexicans more or less sociable than Americans? Insights from a naturalistic observation study. In: Journal of Research in Personality. 2009 ; Vol. 43, No. 1. pp. 1-7.
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