Are we really measuring what we say we're measuring? Using video techniques to supplement traditional construct validation procedures

Nathan P Podsakoff, Philip M. Podsakoff, Scott B. MacKenzie, Ryan L. Klinger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Scopus citations


Several researchers have persuasively argued that the most important evidence to consider when assessing construct validity is whether variations in the construct of interest cause corresponding variations in the measures of the focal construct. Unfortunately, the literature provides little practical guidance on how researchers can go about testing this. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to describe how researchers can use video techniques to test whether their scales measure what they purport to measure. First, we discuss how researchers can develop valid manipulations of the focal construct that they hope to measure. Next, we explain how to design a study to use this manipulation to test the validity of the scale. Finally, comparing and contrasting traditional and contemporary perspectives on validation, we discuss the advantages and limitations of video-based validation procedures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)99-113
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Applied Psychology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2013



  • Causality
  • Construct validation
  • Experimental methods
  • Scale development
  • Video technology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

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