Are Workplace Friendships a Mixed Blessing? Exploring Tradeoffs of Multiplex Relationships and their Associations with Job Performance

Jessica R. Methot, Jeffery A. Lepine, Nathan P. Podsakoff, Jessica Siegel Christian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

56 Scopus citations

Abstract

Theory and research note the ubiquity of multiplex workplace friendships-multifaceted relationships that superimpose friendship with work-focused interactions-but it is unclear how they compel or hinder job performance. In a study of insurance company employees (n = 168), we found that the number of multiplex workplace friendships in one's social network is positively associated with supervisor ratings of job performance. However, we also found that there is a negative indirect effect on job performance through emotional exhaustion, which is offset, in part, through enhanced positive affect. Results of a second study of restaurant and retail sales employees (n = 182) provide greater insight into the positive and negative effects of multiplex workplace friendships. Specifically, these relationships enhanced job performance through trust but detracted from job performance through maintenance difficulty. Collectively, our results illustrate that having a large number of multiplex friendships at work is a mixed blessing. Although the provision and restoration of resources fostered by multiplex relationships benefits employee job performance, these benefits are muted somewhat by the personal resources they deplete.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)311-355
Number of pages45
JournalPersonnel Psychology
Volume69
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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