ARNO and ARF6 Regulate Axonal Elongation and Branching Through Downstream Activation of Phosphatidylinositol 4-Phosphate 5-Kinase α

Delia J. Hernández-Deviez, Michael G. Roth, James E. Casanova, Jean M. Wilson

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119 Scopus citations


In the developing nervous system, controlled neurite extension and branching are critical for the establishment of connections between neurons and their targets. Although much is known about the regulation of axonal development, many of the molecular events that regulate axonal extension remain unknown. ADP-ribosylation factor nucleotide-binding site opener (ARNO) and ADP-ribosylation factor (ARF)6 have important roles in the regulation of the cytoskeleton as well as membrane trafficking. To investigate the role of these molecules in axonogenesis, we expressed ARNO and ARF6 in cultured rat hippocampal neurons. Expression of catalytically inactive ARNO or dominant negative ARF6 resulted in enhanced axonal extension and branching and this effect was abrogated by coexpression of constitutively active ARF6. We sought to identify the downstream effectors of ARF6 during neurite extension by coexpressing phosphatidyl-inositol-4-phosphate 5-Kinase α [PI(4)P 5-Kinase α] with catalytically inactive ARNO and dominant negative ARF6. We found that PI(4)P 5-Kinase α plays a role in neurite extension and branching downstream of ARF6. Also, expression of inactive ARNO/ARF6 depleted the actin binding protein mammalian ena (Mena) from the growth cone leading edge, indicating that these effects on axonogenesis may be mediated by changes in cytoskeletal dynamics. These results suggest that ARNO and ARF6, through PI(4)P 5-Kinase α, regulate axonal elongation and branching during neuronal development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)111-120
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular biology of the cell
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2004


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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