Arterial Biology for the Investigation of the Treatment Effects of Reducing cholesterol (ARBITER) 2: A double-blind, placebo-controlled study of extended-release niacin on atherosclerosis progression in secondary prevention patients treated with statins

Allen J. Taylor, Lance E. Sullenberger, Hyun J. Lee, Jeannie K. Lee, Karen A. Grace

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

829 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background - Niacin reduces coronary heart disease morbidity and mortality when taken either alone or in combination with statins; however, the incremental impact of adding niacin to background statin therapy is unknown. Methods and Results - This was a double-blind randomized placebo-controlled study of once-daily extended-release niacin (1000 mg) added to background statin therapy in 167 patients (mean age 67 years) with known coronary heart disease and low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C; <45 mg/dL). The primary end point was the change in common carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) after 1 year. Baseline CMT (0.884±0.234 mm), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (89±20 mg/dL), and HDL-C (40±7 mg/dL) were comparable in the placebo and niacin groups. Adherence to niacin exceeded 90%, and 149 patients (89.2%) completed the study. HDL-C increased 21% (39 to 47 mg/dL) in the niacin group. After 12 months, mean CIMT increased significantly in the placebo group (0.044±0.100 mm; P<0.001) and was unchanged in the niacin group (0.014±0.104 mm; P=0.23). Although the overall difference in IMT progression between the niacin and placebo groups was not statistically significant (P=0.08), niacin significantly reduced the rate of IMT progression in subjects without insulin resistance (P=0.026). Clinical cardiovascular events occurred in 3 patients treated with niacin (3.8%) and 7 patients treated with placebo (9.6%; P=0.20). Conclusions - The addition of extended-release niacin to statin therapy slowed the progression of atherosclerosis among individuals with known coronary heart disease and moderately low HDL-C.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3512-3517
Number of pages6
JournalCirculation
Volume110
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 7 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Atherosclerosis
  • Lipids
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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