Artificial grammar learning by 1-year-olds leads to specific and abstract knowledge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

363 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Four experiments used the head-turn preference procedure to assess whether infants could extract and remember information from auditory strings produced by a miniature artificial grammar. In all four experiments, infants generalized to new structure by discriminating new grammatical strings from ungrammatical ones after less than 2 min exposure to the grammar. Infants acquired specific information about the grammar as demonstrated by the ability to discriminate new grammatical strings from those with illegal endpoints (Experiment 1). Infants also discriminated new grammatical strings from those with string-internal pairwise violations (Experiments 2 and 3). Infants in Experiment 4 abstracted beyond specific word order as demonstrated by the ability to discriminate new strings produced by their training grammar from strings produced by another grammar despite a change in vocabulary between training and test. We discuss the implications of these findings for the study of language acquisition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)109-135
Number of pages27
JournalCognition
Volume70
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 1999

Fingerprint

grammar
infant
Learning
experiment
Aptitude
learning
Vocabulary
ability
language acquisition
vocabulary
Language
Head
Strings
Artificial Grammar Learning
Experiment
Grammar

Keywords

  • Artificial learning
  • Grammar
  • Infants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Linguistics and Language

Cite this

Artificial grammar learning by 1-year-olds leads to specific and abstract knowledge. / Gomez, Rebecca L; Gerken, Louann.

In: Cognition, Vol. 70, No. 2, 01.03.1999, p. 109-135.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{d35a119a992d48a296c5f8b4c43ae8cf,
title = "Artificial grammar learning by 1-year-olds leads to specific and abstract knowledge",
abstract = "Four experiments used the head-turn preference procedure to assess whether infants could extract and remember information from auditory strings produced by a miniature artificial grammar. In all four experiments, infants generalized to new structure by discriminating new grammatical strings from ungrammatical ones after less than 2 min exposure to the grammar. Infants acquired specific information about the grammar as demonstrated by the ability to discriminate new grammatical strings from those with illegal endpoints (Experiment 1). Infants also discriminated new grammatical strings from those with string-internal pairwise violations (Experiments 2 and 3). Infants in Experiment 4 abstracted beyond specific word order as demonstrated by the ability to discriminate new strings produced by their training grammar from strings produced by another grammar despite a change in vocabulary between training and test. We discuss the implications of these findings for the study of language acquisition.",
keywords = "Artificial learning, Grammar, Infants",
author = "Gomez, {Rebecca L} and Louann Gerken",
year = "1999",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/S0010-0277(99)00003-7",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "70",
pages = "109--135",
journal = "Cognition",
issn = "0010-0277",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Artificial grammar learning by 1-year-olds leads to specific and abstract knowledge

AU - Gomez, Rebecca L

AU - Gerken, Louann

PY - 1999/3/1

Y1 - 1999/3/1

N2 - Four experiments used the head-turn preference procedure to assess whether infants could extract and remember information from auditory strings produced by a miniature artificial grammar. In all four experiments, infants generalized to new structure by discriminating new grammatical strings from ungrammatical ones after less than 2 min exposure to the grammar. Infants acquired specific information about the grammar as demonstrated by the ability to discriminate new grammatical strings from those with illegal endpoints (Experiment 1). Infants also discriminated new grammatical strings from those with string-internal pairwise violations (Experiments 2 and 3). Infants in Experiment 4 abstracted beyond specific word order as demonstrated by the ability to discriminate new strings produced by their training grammar from strings produced by another grammar despite a change in vocabulary between training and test. We discuss the implications of these findings for the study of language acquisition.

AB - Four experiments used the head-turn preference procedure to assess whether infants could extract and remember information from auditory strings produced by a miniature artificial grammar. In all four experiments, infants generalized to new structure by discriminating new grammatical strings from ungrammatical ones after less than 2 min exposure to the grammar. Infants acquired specific information about the grammar as demonstrated by the ability to discriminate new grammatical strings from those with illegal endpoints (Experiment 1). Infants also discriminated new grammatical strings from those with string-internal pairwise violations (Experiments 2 and 3). Infants in Experiment 4 abstracted beyond specific word order as demonstrated by the ability to discriminate new strings produced by their training grammar from strings produced by another grammar despite a change in vocabulary between training and test. We discuss the implications of these findings for the study of language acquisition.

KW - Artificial learning

KW - Grammar

KW - Infants

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0032999651&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0032999651&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0010-0277(99)00003-7

DO - 10.1016/S0010-0277(99)00003-7

M3 - Article

C2 - 10349760

AN - SCOPUS:0032999651

VL - 70

SP - 109

EP - 135

JO - Cognition

JF - Cognition

SN - 0010-0277

IS - 2

ER -