Aryl alcohols in the physiology of ligninolytic fungi

Ed de Jong, Jim A. Field, Jan A.M. de Bont

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

114 Scopus citations

Abstract

Abstract: White‐rot fungi have a versatile machinery of enzymes which work in harmony with secondary aryl alcohol metabolites to degrade the recalcitrant, aromatic biopolymer lignin. This review will focus on the important physiological roles of aryl (veratryl, anisyl and chlorinated anisyl) alcohols in the ligninolytic enzyme system. Their functions include stabilization of lignin peroxidase, charge‐transfer reactions and as substrate for oxidases generating extracellular H202. The aryl alcohol/aldehyde couple is well protected against degradation by the fungi's extracellular ligninolytic enzymes and their concentrations in the extracellular fluid are highly regulated by intracellular enzymes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)153-187
Number of pages35
JournalFEMS Microbiology Reviews
Volume13
Issue number2-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1994
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Basidiomycete
  • Chlorinated aromatics
  • Lignin degradation
  • Mediator
  • Phanerochaete chrysosporium
  • Veratryl alcohol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Infectious Diseases

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