Aryl alcohols in the physiology of ligninolytic fungi

Ed de Jong, James A Field, Jan A M de Bont

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

113 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

White-rot fungi have a versatile machinery of enzymes which work in harmony with secondary aryl alcohol metabolites to degrade the recalcitrant, aromatic biopolymer lignin. This review will focus on the important physiological roles of aryl (veratryl, anisyl and chlorinated anisyl) alcohols in the ligninolytic enzyme system. Their functions include stabilization of lignin peroxidase, charge-transfer reactions and as substrate for oxidases generating extracellular H202. The aryl alcohol/aldehyde couple is well protected against degradation by the fungi's extracellular ligninolytic enzymes and their concentrations in the extracellular fluid are highly regulated by intracellular enzymes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)153-187
Number of pages35
JournalFEMS Microbiology Reviews
Volume13
Issue number2-3
StatePublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Fungi
Alcohols
Enzymes
Biopolymers
Lignin
Extracellular Fluid
Aldehydes
Oxidoreductases

Keywords

  • Basidiomycete
  • Chlorinated aromatics
  • Lignin degradation
  • Mediator
  • Phanerochaete chrysosporium
  • Veratryl alcohol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

de Jong, E., Field, J. A., & de Bont, J. A. M. (1994). Aryl alcohols in the physiology of ligninolytic fungi. FEMS Microbiology Reviews, 13(2-3), 153-187.

Aryl alcohols in the physiology of ligninolytic fungi. / de Jong, Ed; Field, James A; de Bont, Jan A M.

In: FEMS Microbiology Reviews, Vol. 13, No. 2-3, 1994, p. 153-187.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

de Jong, E, Field, JA & de Bont, JAM 1994, 'Aryl alcohols in the physiology of ligninolytic fungi', FEMS Microbiology Reviews, vol. 13, no. 2-3, pp. 153-187.
de Jong, Ed ; Field, James A ; de Bont, Jan A M. / Aryl alcohols in the physiology of ligninolytic fungi. In: FEMS Microbiology Reviews. 1994 ; Vol. 13, No. 2-3. pp. 153-187.
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