ASHP national survey of pharmacy practice in hospital settings: Prescribing and transcribing - 2001

Craig A. Pedersen, Philip J. Schneider, John P. Santell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

75 Scopus citations

Abstract

Results of the 2001 ASHP national survey of pharmacy practice in hospital settings that pertain to prescribing and transcribing are presented. A stratified random sample of pharmacy directors at 1091 general and children's medical-surgical hospitals in the United States was surveyed by mail. SMG Marketing Group, Inc., supplied data on hospital characteristics; the survey sample was drawn from SMG's hospital database. The response rate was 49.0%. During 2001, nearly all hospitals are estimated to have pharmacy and therapeutics (P&T) committees that meet an average of seven times per year. It is estimated that more than 90% of P&T committees are responsible for formulary development and management, drug policy development, adverse-drug-reaction review, and medication-use evaluation. More than 90% of hospitals use clinical and therapeutic, cost, and pharmacoeconomic information in the formulary management process, while nearly two thirds consider quality-of-life issues. Nearly 70% use clinical practice guidelines in the formulary management process, and 78% have a medication-use evaluation program designed to improve prescribing. Pharmacists in more than 75% of hospitals provide consultations on drug information, dosage adjustments for patients with renal impairment, antimicrobials, and pharmacokinetics. Further, a majority of hospitals ensure accurate transcription of medication orders by clarifying illegible orders before transcription or entry into medication administration records (MARs), using standardized prescriber order forms, requiring prescribers to countersign all oral orders, and reconciling MARs and pharmacy patient profiles at least daily. In 2001, large hospitals are most likely to use prescriber order-entry systems to improve patient safety and are least likely to require the reentry of medication orders into the pharmacy computer system. The 2001 ASHP survey results suggest that pharmacists in hospital settings have positioned themselves well to improve the prescribing and transcribing components of the medication-use process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2251-2266
Number of pages16
JournalAmerican Journal of Health-System Pharmacy
Volume58
Issue number23
StatePublished - Dec 1 2001

Keywords

  • Administration
  • Adverse reactions
  • American Society of Health-System Pharmacists
  • Computers
  • Data collection
  • Drug use
  • Drugs
  • Errors
  • Formularies
  • Hospital
  • Institutional
  • Medication
  • Pharmaceutical care
  • Pharmaceutical services
  • Pharmacists
  • Pharmacy
  • Pharmacy and therapeutics committee
  • Physicians
  • Prescribing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Health Policy

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