ASHP national survey of pharmacy practice in hospital settings: Prescribing and transcribing - 2010

Craig A. Pedersen, Philip J Schneider, Douglas J. Scheckelhoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

60 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Results of the 2010 ASHP national survey of pharmacy practice in hospital settings are described. Methods: A stratified random sample of pharmacy directors at 1968 general and children's medical-surgical hospitals in the United States was surveyed by Internet and mail. SDI Health LLC supplied data on hospital characteristics; the survey sample was drawn from the SDI Health hospital database. Results: In this national probability sample survey, the response rate was 28.8%. Patient-specific pharmacist activities are increasing, as shown by the substantial use of pharmacist empowered therapeutic interchange programs, extensive prevalence of pharmacist review of medication orders before doses are available for administration to patients, and the widespread use of pharmacist consultations by prescribers, with almost complete acceptance of pharmacist recommendations. Pharmacists are also leading antibiotic stewardship programs, managing anticoagulation medication therapy, addressing pharmaceutical waste management, and standardizing i.v. infusion concentrations. Electronic health information is rapidly being adopted, with the use of electronic medical records and computerized prescriber-order-entry to improve prescribing and use of medications. Metrics are commonly used to track and monitor trends in operational, clinical, and safety performance in hospital pharmacy departments. Pharmacist and pharmacy technician staffing has increased significantly, while vacancy rates have declined. Conclusion: Pharmacists contribute to improving prescribing and transcribing. Patient safety is now a priority for medication management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)669-688
Number of pages20
JournalAmerican Journal of Health-System Pharmacy
Volume68
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 15 2011

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Pharmacists
Health
Waste Management
Sampling Studies
Surveys and Questionnaires
Electronic Health Records
Hospital Departments
Postal Service
Patient Safety
Internet
Referral and Consultation
Databases
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Safety
Therapeutics
Pharmaceutical Preparations

Keywords

  • American Society of Health-System Pharmacy
  • Computers
  • Data collection
  • Interventions
  • Manpower
  • Medication orders
  • Personnel, pharmacy
  • Pharmaceutical services
  • Pharmacists, hospital
  • Pharmacy, institutional, hospital
  • Physicians
  • Prescribing
  • Rational therapy
  • Records

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Health Policy

Cite this

ASHP national survey of pharmacy practice in hospital settings : Prescribing and transcribing - 2010. / Pedersen, Craig A.; Schneider, Philip J; Scheckelhoff, Douglas J.

In: American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy, Vol. 68, No. 8, 15.04.2011, p. 669-688.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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