A high-nuclearity nanoscale Cd24 cluster has been hydrothermally synthesized by assembly of Cd4-TC4A (H4TC4A = p-tert-butylthiacalixarene) second building units (SBUs) and in situ generated peroxy(mono)phosphate PO5 3- groups and peroxyphenoxide groups of TC4A. The cluster was structurally characterized by single crystal X-ray diffractions. Photocatalytic studies revealed that the highest nuclearity Cd,S-co-rich Cd24 cluster exhibits enhanced photocatalytic water splitting activities compared to the sandwich Cd4(TC4A)2 (Cd4) cluster under the same conditions in the absence of a co-catalyst. The nanostructure of Cd24 incorporated both peroxyphosphate and peroxyphenoxide groups, which increased the metal coordination numbers to give more labile Cd-O/S bonds and is believed to be the key feature that enables the significant photocatalytic water splitting activities.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)