Assessing geropsychiatric patients.

I. L. Abraham, D. E. Smullen, A. A. Thompson-Heisterman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Although other disciplines involved in the care of geriatric patients with psychiatric or neurobehavioral problems have established assessment procedures, this is not the case for nursing. Some approaches to assessing geropsychiatric patients from a nursing perspective have been proposed (Baldwin, 1987; Burnside, 1981; Ninos, 1985), but they have been limited in scope (Abraham, 1990b). However, with nursing assuming an increasingly central role in the multidisciplinary care of geropsychiatric patients and their families, a comprehensive and accepted method of multidimensional geropsychiatric nursing assessment is necessary. This method enables nurses to provide the best possible nursing care to patients and families while contributing effectively to multidisciplinary assessment and intervention. To this end, Abraham and associates (Abraham, 1990a; Thompson-Heisterman, 1992) developed the Psychogeriatric Nursing Assessment Protocol (PNAP). Previous articles have described the rationale and content of the PNAP (Abraham, 1990a; Thompson-Heisterman, 1992). This article will draw on the authors' clinical experience in using the PNAP and will offer practical clinical strategies for assessment within the PNAP framework. The PNAP is presented in the Figure, and readers are referred to previous articles for detailed descriptions of the various aspects of the PNAP. A rating form has been developed for use with the PNAP that permits quantification of clinical observations and the determination of selected clinical scores.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-19
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of psychosocial nursing and mental health services
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1992
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Phychiatric Mental Health


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