### Abstract

The aerosol extinction-to-backscatter ratio, S_{a}, is a key parameter in interpreting scattering measurements made with lidar. Whereas solution techniques for solving the lidar equation generally assume some constraining relation for S_{a} (i.e., such as S_{a} is constant with range), few measurements of S_{a} have been made to establish the statistics and properties of this parameter. Measurements of S_{a}, for a wavelength 694.3 mm, obtained from slant-path lidar observations made in Tucson, Arizona, from May 1979 to June 1982 yielded values of S_{a} between ~ 5 and 100 with the majority concentrated between ~ 10 and 45. The weighted mean (weighted by inverse variances of S_{a}) of all S_{a} values and the arithmetic mean of the main grouping of S_{a} values (10 < S_{a} < 45) both equaled approximately 25. Interpretation of the S_{a} measurements in terms of various size distributions and refractive index values representative of atmospheric aerosols indicated the following: 1) S_{a} values in the 10 to 20 range are indicative of size distributions with significant coarse mode particle concentrations, larger real refractive index values (greater than ~ 1.50), and zero or nearly zero imaginary refractive index values; 2) S_{a} values in the 20 to 45 range appear to correspond to size distributions with less significant but still noticeable coarse mode particle concentrations, somewhat lower real refractive index values, and still fairly low imaginary refractive index values (less than ~ 0.005); and 3) S_{a} values greater than about 45 indicate even lower real refractive index values (values of ~ 1.45 and lower) and even larger imaginary refractive index values (values in the 0.005 to 0.01 range).

Original language | English (US) |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | 215-226 |

Number of pages | 12 |

Journal | Aerosol Science and Technology |

Volume | 8 |

Issue number | 3 |

State | Published - Jun 1988 |

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### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Environmental Chemistry
- Environmental Science(all)
- Mechanical Engineering

### Cite this

*Aerosol Science and Technology*,

*8*(3), 215-226.

**Assessment of aerosol extinction to backscatter ratio measurements made at 694.3 nm in Tucson, Arizona.** / Reagan, John A; Apte, M. V.; Ben-David, A.; Herman, B. M.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

*Aerosol Science and Technology*, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 215-226.

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Assessment of aerosol extinction to backscatter ratio measurements made at 694.3 nm in Tucson, Arizona

AU - Reagan, John A

AU - Apte, M. V.

AU - Ben-David, A.

AU - Herman, B. M.

PY - 1988/6

Y1 - 1988/6

N2 - The aerosol extinction-to-backscatter ratio, Sa, is a key parameter in interpreting scattering measurements made with lidar. Whereas solution techniques for solving the lidar equation generally assume some constraining relation for Sa (i.e., such as Sa is constant with range), few measurements of Sa have been made to establish the statistics and properties of this parameter. Measurements of Sa, for a wavelength 694.3 mm, obtained from slant-path lidar observations made in Tucson, Arizona, from May 1979 to June 1982 yielded values of Sa between ~ 5 and 100 with the majority concentrated between ~ 10 and 45. The weighted mean (weighted by inverse variances of Sa) of all Sa values and the arithmetic mean of the main grouping of Sa values (10 < Sa < 45) both equaled approximately 25. Interpretation of the Sa measurements in terms of various size distributions and refractive index values representative of atmospheric aerosols indicated the following: 1) Sa values in the 10 to 20 range are indicative of size distributions with significant coarse mode particle concentrations, larger real refractive index values (greater than ~ 1.50), and zero or nearly zero imaginary refractive index values; 2) Sa values in the 20 to 45 range appear to correspond to size distributions with less significant but still noticeable coarse mode particle concentrations, somewhat lower real refractive index values, and still fairly low imaginary refractive index values (less than ~ 0.005); and 3) Sa values greater than about 45 indicate even lower real refractive index values (values of ~ 1.45 and lower) and even larger imaginary refractive index values (values in the 0.005 to 0.01 range).

AB - The aerosol extinction-to-backscatter ratio, Sa, is a key parameter in interpreting scattering measurements made with lidar. Whereas solution techniques for solving the lidar equation generally assume some constraining relation for Sa (i.e., such as Sa is constant with range), few measurements of Sa have been made to establish the statistics and properties of this parameter. Measurements of Sa, for a wavelength 694.3 mm, obtained from slant-path lidar observations made in Tucson, Arizona, from May 1979 to June 1982 yielded values of Sa between ~ 5 and 100 with the majority concentrated between ~ 10 and 45. The weighted mean (weighted by inverse variances of Sa) of all Sa values and the arithmetic mean of the main grouping of Sa values (10 < Sa < 45) both equaled approximately 25. Interpretation of the Sa measurements in terms of various size distributions and refractive index values representative of atmospheric aerosols indicated the following: 1) Sa values in the 10 to 20 range are indicative of size distributions with significant coarse mode particle concentrations, larger real refractive index values (greater than ~ 1.50), and zero or nearly zero imaginary refractive index values; 2) Sa values in the 20 to 45 range appear to correspond to size distributions with less significant but still noticeable coarse mode particle concentrations, somewhat lower real refractive index values, and still fairly low imaginary refractive index values (less than ~ 0.005); and 3) Sa values greater than about 45 indicate even lower real refractive index values (values of ~ 1.45 and lower) and even larger imaginary refractive index values (values in the 0.005 to 0.01 range).

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0001206270&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0001206270&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0001206270

VL - 8

SP - 215

EP - 226

JO - Aerosol Science and Technology

JF - Aerosol Science and Technology

SN - 0278-6826

IS - 3

ER -