There is critical need for a greater number of donor hearts for transplantation. The demand can be relieved, in part, by an extension of preservation time. This necessitates new methods of preservation and development of means to assess the functional condition of the preserved heart. We report a heart-preservation system designed for long-term preservation support and discuss issues specifically related to extended heart preservation. This article presents methodology to assess ventricular compliance and to quantify coronary flow distribution during the use of microperfusion preservation. Ventricular adenosine triphosphate (ATP) concentrations are directly related to the immediate post-preservation function: however, direct measurement of ATP is not clinically available. Based on the premise that ventricular compliance relates directly to the ventricular ATP concentrations, we performed sequential ventricular compliance measurements using a simple left ventricular balloon during a 24 h preservation period. A porcine heart model was employed using a continuous, hypothermic, antegrade, microperfusion system for 24 h and measurements were made at specific intervals during the preservation time. The compliance measurements were ascertained by pressure-volume curves using a flaccid balloon inserted into the left ventricle through the mitral valve. In addition, to assess microvascular function during the preservation interval, regional coronary flow measurements were performed using a microsphere technique. We report that after 12 h of preservation there was a twofold reduction in ventricular compliance which decreased further by fivefold at 18 h. In contrast, there was a time-dependent decrease in left ventricular coronary flow, especially with the left-ventricular subendocardial region significantly decreasing by 50% at 12 h. In conclusion, a simple ventricular-compliance balloon provided a direct measurement of ventricular compliance of the preserved heart which may provide an indirect estimate of the ventricular high-energy phosphates of the preserved heart prior to transplantation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Safety Research
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Advanced and Specialized Nursing