Assessment of stroke risk in southern Arizona, the pairing of acculturation and stroke risk factor development

Brandon Nokes, Yeeck Sim, Blake Gibson, Seenu Byreddy, David M. Labiner, Bruce Coull, Jenny Chong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Stroke is a leading cause of mortality in the United States. Hispanics have the same incidence of stroke, but are more likely to have subsequent strokes than non-Hispanic whites. This difference in outcome may be attributable to differences in stroke risk factor awareness. Patients at a community health center in Tucson, AZ completed an anonymous survey regarding existing and perceived health issues. Patient responses were compared in terms of ethnicity and acculturation, as indicated by language preference. Patient responses (n = 301, Spanish: 150, English: 151) indicated that proportionately fewer non-acculturated Hispanics than acculturated Hispanic and non-Hispanic patients indicated that they were at risk for stroke. Acculturated Hispanics and non-Hispanics displayed similar morbidity trends, including increased obesity, hypertension, diabetes, heart problems, depression, and previous stroke. These findings suggest that Hispanics become less healthy and more at risk for stroke and stroke risk factors as they become acculturated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)513-518
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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