Assessment of the Antiviral Properties of Zeolites Containing Metal Ions

Kelly R. Bright, Enue E. Sicairos-Ruelas, Patricia M. Gundy, Charles P. Gerba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations


The antiviral properties of zeolite (sodium aluminosilicate) powders amended with metal ions were assessed using human coronavirus 229E, feline infectious peritonitis virus (FIPV), and feline calicivirus F-9. Zeolites containing silver and silver/copper caused significant reductions of coronavirus 229E after 1 h in suspension. The silver/copper combination yielded a >5.13-log10 reduction within 24 h. It was also the most effective (>3.18-log10) against FIPV after 4 h. Other formulations were ineffective against FIPV. On plastic coupons with incorporated silver/copper-zeolites, >1.7-log10 and >3.8-log10 reductions were achieved for coronavirus 229E and feline calicivirus within 24 h, respectively. Silver/copper zeolite reduced titers of all viruses tested, suggesting that it may be effective against related pathogens of interest [i.e., SARS coronavirus, other coronaviruses, human norovirus (calicivirus)]. Of note, it was effective against both enveloped and nonenveloped viruses. Metal-zeolites could therefore possibly be used in applications to reduce virus contamination of fomites and thus the spread of viral diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-41
Number of pages5
JournalFood and Environmental Virology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1 2009


  • Antiviral
  • Calicivirus
  • Copper
  • Coronavirus
  • Fomites
  • Silver

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Food Science
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Virology

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