The cyclooxygenase (COX) pathway is important in colorectal carcinogenesis with the majority of cancers overexpressing COX-2; however, the role of COX-2 in the development of colorectal adenomas is less well defined. Accordingly, we analyzed 108 colorectal adenomas for COX-1 and COX-2 transcription in archival formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue using by real-time PCR and normalized to β-actin. Neither COX-1 nor COX-2 mRNA expression differed with regard to age or gender of the subject. COX-2 mRNA expression was significantly higher in distal adenomas (2.2 ± 1.9) compared with proximal (0.7 ± 0.5) adenomas (P < 0.0001) and in larger (≥7 mm) compared with smaller (<7 mm) adenomas (2.3 ± 2.2 and 1.7 ± 1.3, respectively, P = 0.04). COX-2 expression did not differ significantly in tubular compared with tubulovillous adenomas, although there appeared to be a trend toward higher COX-2 expression in tubulovillous adenomas with increasing villous content. Additionally, there was not a significant difference in either COX-1 or COX-2 based on the degree of dysplasia Therefore, if COX-2 inhibitors work through a COX-2 mechanism, these agents may have differential effects on colorectal adenomas that are distal and larger.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||3|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 15 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research