Association of interleukin-2 and interferon-γ production by blood mononuclear cells in infancy with parental allergy skin tests and with subsequent development of atopy

Fernando D. Martinez, Debra A. Stern, Anne L. Wright, Catharine J. Holberg, Lynn M. Taussig, Marilyn Halonen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

162 Scopus citations

Abstract

The mechanisms regulating the onset of atopic sensitization in human beings are not yet fully clarified. We assessed the capacity of mitogen-stimulated umbilical and peripheral blood mononuclear cells to produce interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and interleukin-2 (IL-2) at birth and at 9 months of age in 159 infants. Mononuclear cell production of both IFN-γ and IL-2 at 9 months, but not at birth, was found to be inversely related to parental immediate skin test reactivity to seven local aeroallergens. Skin test reactivity at the age of 6 years was also inversely related to IFN-γ and IL-2 production at 9 months of age. However, no relationship was evident between total serum IgE levels at 6 years and production of these cytokines at 9 months. The proportions of circulating lymphocytes and CD4+ or CD8+ cells were also unrelated to skin test reactivity at the age of 6 years. These data suggest that mechanisms regulating skin test reactivity to inhaled allergens may involve deficient IFN-γ production, deficient IL-2 production, or both during or preceding the time of initial sensitization and that additional mechanisms are involved in regulating total serum IgE level. (J ALLERGY CLIN IMMUNOL 1995;96:652-60.).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)652-660
Number of pages9
JournalThe Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Volume96
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1995

Keywords

  • IFN-γ
  • IL-2
  • IgE
  • T lymphocytes
  • T lymphocytes
  • allergy skin test
  • cytokines
  • immediate hypersensitivity
  • infancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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