Astro2020 science white paper Multi-messenger astronomy with extremely large telescopes

Ryan Chornock, Philip S. Cowperthwaite, Raffaella Margutti, Dan Milisavljevic, Kate D. Alexander, Igor Andreoni, Iair Arcavi, Adriano Baldeschi, Jennifer Barnes, Eric Bellm, Paz Beniamini, Edo Berger, Christopher P.L. Berry, Federica Bianco, Peter K. Blanchard, Joshua S. Bloom, Sarah Burke-Spolaor, Eric Burns, Dario Carbone, S. Bradley CenkoDeanne Coppejans, Alessandra Corsi, Michael Coughlin, Maria R. Drout, Tarraneh Eftekhari, Ryan J. Foley, Wen fai Fong, Ori Fox, Dale A. Frail, Dimitrios Giannios, V. Zach Golkhou, Sebastian Gomez, Melissa Graham, Or Graur, Aprajita Hajela, Gregg Hallinan, Chad Hanna, Kenta Hotokezaka, Vicky Kalogera, Daniel Kasen, Mansi Kasliwal, Adithan Kathirgamaraju, Wolfgang E. Kerzendorf, Charles D. Kilpatrick, Tanmoy Laskar, Emily Levesque, Andrew MacFadyen, Phillip Macias, Ben Margalit, Thomas Matheson, Brian D. Metzger, Adam A. Miller, Maryam Modjaz, Kohta Murase, Ariadna Murguia-Berthier, Samaya Nissanke, Antonella Palmese, Chris Pankow, Kerry Paterson, Locke Patton, Rosalba Perna, David Radice, Enrico Ramirez-Ruiz, Armin Rest, Jeonghee Rho, Cesar Rojas-Bravo, Nathaniel C. Roth, Mohammad Safarzadeh, David Sand, Boris Sbarufatti, Daniel M. Siegel, Lorenzo Sironi, Marcelle Soares-Santos, Niharika Sravan, Sumner Starrfield, Rachel A. Street, Guy S. Stringfellow, Alexander Tchekhovskoy, Giacomo Terreran, Stefano Valenti, V. Ashley Villar, Yihan Wang, J. Craig Wheeler, G. Grant Williams, Jonathan Zrake

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The field of time-domain astrophysics has entered the era of Multi-messenger Astronomy (MMA). One key science goal for the next decade (and beyond) will be to characterize gravitational wave (GW) and neutrino sources using the next generation of Extremely Large Telescopes (ELTs). These studies will have a broad impact across astrophysics, informing our knowledge of the production and enrichment history of the heaviest chemical elements, constrain the dense matter equation of state, provide independent constraints on cosmology, increase our understanding of particle acceleration in shocks and jets, and study the lives of black holes in the universe. Future GW detectors will greatly improve their sensitivity during the coming decade, as will near-infrared telescopes capable of independently finding kilonovae from neutron star mergers. However, the electromagnetic counterparts to high-frequency (LIGO/Virgo band) GW sources will be distant and faint and thus demand ELT capabilities for characterization. ELTs will be important and necessary contributors to an advanced and complete multi-messenger network.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalUnknown Journal
StatePublished - Mar 11 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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