Asymmetric mid-plane gas in ALMA images of HD 100546

J. M. Miley, O. Panić, T. J. Haworth, I. Pascucci, M. Wyatt, C. Clarke, A. M.S. Richards, T. Ratzka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this paper we present new ALMA observations towards the proto-planet hosting transitional disc of Herbig Ae/Be star HD 100546. This includes resolved 1.3 mm continuum, 13CO and the first detection of C18O in this disc, which displays azimuthal asymmetry in regions spatially coincident with structures previously identified in HST images related to spiral arms. The lower limit on the mass of the dust disc is calculated to be 9.6 ×10−4 M . A firm lower-limit on the total gas mass calculated from optically thin, mid-plane tracing C18O (2-1) emission is 0.018 M assuming ISM abundances. These mass estimates provide an estimate of gas-to-dust ratio in the disc of 19, the ratio will increase if C18O is relatively under-abundant in the disc compared to CO and H2. Through deprojection and azimuthal averaging of the image plane we detect 1.3 mm continuum emission out to 290±10 au, 13CO to 390±10 au and C18O to 300±10 au. We measure a radially increasing millimetre spectral index between wavelengths of 867 µm and 1.3 mm, which shows that grain sizes increase towards the star, with solid particles growing to cm scales in the inner disc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalUnknown Journal
StatePublished - Feb 20 2019

Keywords

  • Protoplanetary discs
  • Stars: pre-main sequence
  • Techniques: interferometric

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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