We have reported previously that toxic concentrations of isoproterenol caused severe alterations in the structural integrity of the sarcolemma and mitochondria found in primary cultures of rat myocardial cells [8, 9]. Mitochondrial injury was observed 1.5 h after exposure to isoproterenol, whereas leakage of intracellular ions and enzymes was observed only after prolonged exposures (>4 h). Ascorbic acid and sodium bisulfite prevented the cytotoxic effects of isoproterenol in our cell culture system. Takeo et al.  suggested that adrenochrome (an oxidative metabolite of epinephrine) specifically inhibits the activity of the sodium/potassium ATPase. Other investigators have shown that an indole metabolite of epinephrine inhibited actomyosin ATPase [1, 4]. These inhibitory actions may result from an interaction between the oxidative metabolites and sulfhydryl groups present in the enzyme . Inhibition of the sodium/potassium ATPase is associated with an increase in the intracellular concentration of Na+ and Ca2+ and a decrease in intracellular K+. Changes in the intracellular concentration of these ions are commonly seen in heart cell damage and contractile failure . The present study was designed to determine if isoproterenol, a synthetic catecholamine, inhibits the sodium/potassium ATPase activity in a primary culture system of rat myocardial cells.
- Na/K ATPase
- cultured myocardiol cells
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine