Automatic control of VTOL micro air vehicle during transition maneuver

Diyang Chu, Jonathan Sprinkle, Ryan Randall, Sergey V Shkarayev

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present work presents the development of an automatic control system and the investigation of the flight dynamics of fixed-wing micro air vehicles (MAVs) with vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) capabilities. Specifically, the flight transition maneuver in the vertical plane (vertical-horizontal and horizontal-vertical) is studied in detail. The problem of transition between horizontal and hover modes is discussed. The development and evaluation of a VTOL MAV called Mini-Vertigo 2 (MV2) is presented. A non-linear longitudinal dynamic model of MV2 flight is derived. Semi-empirical aerodynamic formulas for thrust, lift, drag and pitching moment based on wind tunnel testing are applied to the dynamic model. Nonlinearities during transition to/from hover are addressed. Using the developed dynamic model a numerical vehicle dynamic simulator is developed. Simulations are performed to investigate MAV design tradeoffs. Tradeoffs between a piecewise hybrid controller, a strictly open-loop controller and a nontraditional feed-forward controller are each considered. A newer feature of the MV2 autopilot is discussed and flight test data is presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference and Exhibit
StatePublished - 2009
EventAIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference and Exhibit - Chicago, IL, United States
Duration: Aug 10 2009Aug 13 2009

Other

OtherAIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference and Exhibit
CountryUnited States
CityChicago, IL
Period8/10/098/13/09

Fingerprint

Micro air vehicle (MAV)
Takeoff
Landing
Dynamic models
Controllers
Fixed wings
Flight dynamics
Wind tunnels
Drag
Aerodynamics
Simulators
Control systems
Testing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Chu, D., Sprinkle, J., Randall, R., & Shkarayev, S. V. (2009). Automatic control of VTOL micro air vehicle during transition maneuver. In AIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference and Exhibit [2009-5875]

Automatic control of VTOL micro air vehicle during transition maneuver. / Chu, Diyang; Sprinkle, Jonathan; Randall, Ryan; Shkarayev, Sergey V.

AIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference and Exhibit. 2009. 2009-5875.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Chu, D, Sprinkle, J, Randall, R & Shkarayev, SV 2009, Automatic control of VTOL micro air vehicle during transition maneuver. in AIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference and Exhibit., 2009-5875, AIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference and Exhibit, Chicago, IL, United States, 8/10/09.
Chu D, Sprinkle J, Randall R, Shkarayev SV. Automatic control of VTOL micro air vehicle during transition maneuver. In AIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference and Exhibit. 2009. 2009-5875
Chu, Diyang ; Sprinkle, Jonathan ; Randall, Ryan ; Shkarayev, Sergey V. / Automatic control of VTOL micro air vehicle during transition maneuver. AIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference and Exhibit. 2009.
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