· Avalanche Breakdown and the Probabilistic Nature of Lascr-Induced Damage

Michael Bass, Harrison H. Barrett

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

  • 109 Citations

Abstract

This paper discusses the probabilistic nature of the damaging interaction between light and matter. It is shown that when one recognizes that there is some probability to induce damage at any level of optical irradiation, then the reported irreproducible darnage-resistance properties of many useful materials can be under-stood. This point of view also explains why some optical components may be safely irradiated many tittles before damage occurs, though no other change in the material can he detected prior to the observation of damage. Experimental data showing the probability for surface damage as a function of power density are presented for several materials. The dependence of damage probability on optical fieid strength is similar to that of the dc ionization coefficients for semiconductors and gases on the applied field. This observation is discussed and it is suggested that a form of avalanche breakdown might be the cause of laser-induced damage.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages338-343
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1972
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

avalanches
breakdown
damage
Laser damage
Ionization
Irradiation
Semiconductor materials
Gases
ionization coefficients
radiant flux density
irradiation
causes
gases
lasers
interactions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Cite this

· Avalanche Breakdown and the Probabilistic Nature of Lascr-Induced Damage. / Bass, Michael; Barrett, Harrison H.

In: IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, Vol. 8, No. 3, 1972, p. 338-343.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

@article{bd6773a82d8b41bbace33f0c1be6b73c,
title = "· Avalanche Breakdown and the Probabilistic Nature of Lascr-Induced Damage",
abstract = "This paper discusses the probabilistic nature of the damaging interaction between light and matter. It is shown that when one recognizes that there is some probability to induce damage at any level of optical irradiation, then the reported irreproducible darnage-resistance properties of many useful materials can be under-stood. This point of view also explains why some optical components may be safely irradiated many tittles before damage occurs, though no other change in the material can he detected prior to the observation of damage. Experimental data showing the probability for surface damage as a function of power density are presented for several materials. The dependence of damage probability on optical fieid strength is similar to that of the dc ionization coefficients for semiconductors and gases on the applied field. This observation is discussed and it is suggested that a form of avalanche breakdown might be the cause of laser-induced damage.",
author = "Michael Bass and Barrett, {Harrison H.}",
year = "1972",
doi = "10.1109/JQE.1972.1076971",
volume = "8",
pages = "338--343",
journal = "IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics",
issn = "0018-9197",
publisher = "Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - · Avalanche Breakdown and the Probabilistic Nature of Lascr-Induced Damage

AU - Bass,Michael

AU - Barrett,Harrison H.

PY - 1972

Y1 - 1972

N2 - This paper discusses the probabilistic nature of the damaging interaction between light and matter. It is shown that when one recognizes that there is some probability to induce damage at any level of optical irradiation, then the reported irreproducible darnage-resistance properties of many useful materials can be under-stood. This point of view also explains why some optical components may be safely irradiated many tittles before damage occurs, though no other change in the material can he detected prior to the observation of damage. Experimental data showing the probability for surface damage as a function of power density are presented for several materials. The dependence of damage probability on optical fieid strength is similar to that of the dc ionization coefficients for semiconductors and gases on the applied field. This observation is discussed and it is suggested that a form of avalanche breakdown might be the cause of laser-induced damage.

AB - This paper discusses the probabilistic nature of the damaging interaction between light and matter. It is shown that when one recognizes that there is some probability to induce damage at any level of optical irradiation, then the reported irreproducible darnage-resistance properties of many useful materials can be under-stood. This point of view also explains why some optical components may be safely irradiated many tittles before damage occurs, though no other change in the material can he detected prior to the observation of damage. Experimental data showing the probability for surface damage as a function of power density are presented for several materials. The dependence of damage probability on optical fieid strength is similar to that of the dc ionization coefficients for semiconductors and gases on the applied field. This observation is discussed and it is suggested that a form of avalanche breakdown might be the cause of laser-induced damage.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=2242493163&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=2242493163&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1109/JQE.1972.1076971

DO - 10.1109/JQE.1972.1076971

M3 - Article

VL - 8

SP - 338

EP - 343

JO - IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics

T2 - IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics

JF - IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics

SN - 0018-9197

IS - 3

ER -